Career in Engineering
In the modern economy has been invigorated by engineering technology. The purpose of engineering is to design and manufacture the hardware of life. Engineers have a hand in the creation of anything in use anywhere. They design, manufacture, repair, modify, and construct efficient and economical hardware of life.
Engineering does not mean only Civil, Mechanical and Electrical. There are many other engineering branches which are developing rapidely. Some main Engineering are:
The activities of a Civil Engineer involves planning, analysis, design, construction amd maintenance of a variety of facilities such as buildings, highways and rail-roads, water-ways and canals, dam and power houses, water treatment and sewage disposal system, docks and harbor, bridges and tunnels.
Job Profile of a Mechanical Engineer is to design, operation and maintenance of machines and their components, mechanism, machine tools, manufacturing systems and processes including Production, planning and control-both the fundamental and applied aspects leading to these areas.
The role of an electrical engineer comprises the design and development of more efficient electrical machinery, power systems, and control equipment for the generation, transmission and distribution of electrical energy and telecommunication.
The profile of a IT Engineer is to develop Web Application, Softwares, Software Programming and Web Developing. The profile of Computer is to design and construction of computers and development of computer programmes, and computer based information and control system.
A Energy Engineer is employed in industries and organisation concerned with the design, development and manufacture of equipment for economic and optimal exploitation of current energy technology, energy planning and management and technology transfer is offered to the energy engineer.
A Agricultural Engineer applied Engineering and technology to Food Production processing, transportation and storage of agricultural commodities.
Profile of a mining Engineer is the exploration, extraction and processing of raw materials from the earth.
The work of A Aeronautical Engineer involves the designing, construction, testing and operation as well as maintenance of aircraft and aircraft components. The main thrust in this area is on design and development, which extends even to space and satellite research.
Electronics and Communication Engineering:
A Electronics and Communication Engineer deals with generation, distribution and use of electrical power and power control and instrumentation applications, the application of electronics in the processing of the formation in the field of communication and control system, electronic computers, industrial electronics and instrumentation.
A textile engineer is concerned with textile fibers and their transformation into yarns and fabrics.
Production and Industrial Engineering:
A production and Industrial Engineer work involves the design and installation of integrated systems for men and materials, equipment and processes for increasing the productivity of goods, and detailing the optimum quality which is economically viable. They are responsible for planning, measuring and controlling all activities within the organisation, besides designing the production process for a product. Production and Industrial Engineers aim at higher productivity by adopting integrated design and efficient planning and operative systems.
The aerospace engineering deals with the design, analysis, construction, testing and operation of aircraft. The course is based on the fundamentals of fluid dynamic, material science, structural analysis, propulsion, electronics, automatic control and guidance.
Automobile Engineers deal mainly with the design, planning, manufacture as well as the repair, maintenance and up-gradation of all moving vehicles such as two wheelers, four wheelers and heavy motor vehicle to ensure their proper, efficient and economical running.
A B.Tech/B.E. in Chemical Engineer get into Petroleum refining, fertilizer technology, processing of food and agricultural products, synthetic food, petrochemicals, synthetic fibers, coal and mineral based industries and prevention and control of environmental pollution and the development and improvement of processes, design, construction, operation and management of the plants for these processes and research in these areas.
Physics engineer are placed in one of the following department solid sate electronics, cryogenics, materials science, laser technology and applied nuclear science.
A ceramic engineer study the properties, manufacture, design and applications of ceramic materials. Iron and steel, glass, cement, porcelain, enamels and special ceramic and also several R & D labs and Defence establishments offer employment to ceramic engineers.
Work of a Naval Architecture / Engineer is Designing, construction and maintenance of ships and waterborne vessels and with innovations in marine technology.
Industries such as steel plants, fertilizer units, refineries, power stations etc. as well as research & development units of Defence and Government of India establishments offer employment to the instrumentation engineer. A Instrumentation engineer design, construction and maintenance of instrumentation and instrumentation systems.
Manufacturing Science & Engineering:
A Manufacturing Science engineer required to take up the integrated design and efficient planning of the entire manufacturing system which is becoming increasingly complex with the emergence of sophisticated production methods and control.
Related: All NITs in India
A nuclear scientist’s work is concerned with the use of atomic particles for a wide spectrum of functions which include new methods of nuclear medicine to making nuclear weapons.
Employment opportunities exists in steel plants for extracting and processing nonferrous metals and in metallurgical industries such as foundries, heat treatment shops, rolling mills, etc.
Other Engineering Branches are:
- Marine Engineering
- Railway systems engineering
- Hydraulic Engineering
- Traffic Engineering
- Aquaculture Engineering
- Telecommunication Engineering
- Sanitary Engineering
- Ecological Engineering
- Crystal Engineering
- Applied Engineering
- Petroleum Refinery Engineering
- Biomedical Engineering
- Tissue Engineering
- Plastics Engineering
- Automation Engineering
- Paper Engineering
- Genetic Engineering
- Earthquake Engineering
- Biochemical Engineering
- Wind Engineering
- Ocean Engineering