General Knowledge

Facts about Constitution of India

Constitution of India
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Important Facts about Indian Constitution and Study Material:

  1. It took 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to complete draft of Constitution of India.
  2. Constitution of India is inspired / sourced from many other country’s constitutions.
  3. Parliamentary System, Rule of law, Lagislative Procedure, Single Citizenship, Cabinet System, Prerogative Writs and Parliamentary Privileges are inspired from Britain’s constitution.
  4. Directive Principles of State Policy, nomination of members of Rajya Sabha & method of election of president are sourced from Ireland’s constitution.
  5. Idea of Five-year plan, fundamental duties, ideals of justice is inspired from USSR’s constitution.
  6. Fundamental rights, independence of judiciary, judicial review, impeachment of president, removal of Supreme court & high court judges & post of vice president are sourced from United States of America’s constitution.
  7. Centre, appointment of state Governor by the centre & advisory jurisdiction of Supreme Court are taken from Canadian constitution.
  8. The idea of suspension of fundamental rights during emergency is taken from Germany’s constitution
  9. Concurrent list, joint sitting of two houses of Parliament are inspired from Australian constitution.
  10. Idea of Liberty and equality is taken from constitution of France.
  11. Procedure of amendment of the constitution & election of members of Rajya Sabha is inspired from South African constitution.

History of Indian Constitution

Indian constitution is divided into 22 parts and 295 articles.

  • Part 1: The Union and its territory (Article 1 – 4)
  • Part II: Citizenship (Article 5 – 11)
  • Part III: Fundamental Rights (Article 12 – 35)
  • Part IV: Directive Principles (Article 36 – 51)
  • Part IV: Fundamental Duties (Article 51A)
  • Part V: The Union (Article 52 – 151
  • Part VI: The States (Article 152 – 237)
  • Part VII: Repealed by Constitution (7th Amendment) Act, 1956
  • Part VIII: The Union Territories (Article 239 – 242
  • Part IX: The Panchayats (Article 243 – 2430)
  • Part IX (A): The Municipalities (Article 243P – 243ZG)
  • Part IX (B): The Co-operative Societies (Article 243 ZH – 243 ZT)
  • Part X: The Scheduled and Tribal Areas Art 244 – 244 A)
  • Part XI: Relations between the Union and the States (Article 245 – 263)
  • Part XII: Finance, Property, Contracts and Suits (Article 264 to 300A)
  • Part XIII: Trade, Commerce and Intercourse within the Territory of India (Article 301 – 307)
  • Part XIV: Services under the Union and the States (Article 308 – 323)
  • Part XIV (A): Tribunals (Article 323A – 323B)
  • Part XV: Elections (Article 324 – 329A)
  • Part XVI: Special provisions relating to certain classes (Article 330 – 342)
  • Part XVII: Official Language (Article 343 – 351)
  • Part XVIII: Emergency Provisions (Article 352 – 360)
  • Part XIX: Miscellaneous (Article 361 – 367)
  • Part XX: Amendment of the Constitution (Article 368)
  • Part XXI: Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions (Article 369 – 392)
  • Part XXII: Short title, commencement, authoritative text in Hindi and repeals (Article 393 – 395)

Related: CLAT Sample Papers

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Vishal Arora

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