What are Enzymes and how do they work?

Enzymes are biological catalysts. They are proteins with a defined function.

Their shape, sequence, and amino acid composition determine how they function.

The proteins' ability to cause a reaction is unique to each enzyme, and they can be derived from plant, animal, and bacterial sources.

They act on molecules to change their substrates into products.

Enzyme activity is a function of temperature.

Enzymes can denature at a high temperature and unfold their structure. Intermediate temperatures are best for optimum enzyme activity.

Enzymes are essential for all life forms.

They perform a wide range of functions, and help us break down complex foods.

Enzymes are important for a number of reasons, including digestion, cell division, and energy production.

Some enzymes are commercially used in the production of antibiotics.

Others are used in household products to speed up chemical reactions.

Enzymes found in biological washing powders and meat tenderizers to break down proteins into smaller molecules.

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