Mitosis is a type of cell division that results in the formation of two identical daughter cells from a single parent cell.
This process is crucial for the growth, repair, and replacement of cells in organisms.
Mitosis is a complex and highly regulated process that occurs in several stages, including prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase, and cytokinesis.
During prophase, the chromosomes in the cell's nucleus condense and become visible under a microscope.
In prometaphase, the chromosomes align along the center of the cell.
During metaphase, the chromosomes are further organized into a compact structure known as the metaphase plate.
In anaphase, the chromosomes separate and are pulled to opposite ends of the cell.
During telophase, new nuclei form at each end of the cell, and in cytokinesis, the cell membrane pinches inward to form two separate daughter cells.
Mitosis is an important mechanism for cell duplication, which is essential for growth, repair, and the replacement of damaged or old cells.
It is also crucial for the development of multicellular organisms, such as animals and plants, as it allows cells to divide and differentiate into specialized cell types.
Mitosis questions and answers
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