Fundamentals of Intelligence Analysis quiz:
Ques. The term “cognition” includes
(a) thinking, problem solving, reasoning, and dreaming
(b) classical and instrumental conditioning
(c) the use of memory systems
(d) an active process by which sensory input is selected, organized, and integrated
Ques. Who proposed that the g factor represents the highest-order common factor among individual differences in IQ?
Ques. The basic understanding of desires, beliefs, perceptions and emotions is referred to as the Theory of:
Ques. When infants are placed in the middle of a visual cliff, they usually
(a) remain still.
(b) move to the shallow side of the apparatus.
(c) move to the deep side of the apparatus.
(d) approach their mothers when called, whether that requires moving to the shallow or deep side.
Ques. The concept of “Intelligence Quotient” was devised by a German psychologist:
(d) E. G. Boring
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Ques. Drawing conclusions on the basis of formal principles of reasoning is termed
(a) inductive thought.
(b) deductive thought.
(c) logical thought.
(d) illogical thought
Ques. The most basic perceptual organization is
(a) shape constancy
(b) depth perception
(d) size constancy
Ques. The major problems in vocational adjustment with selection of a vocation is in _ stage of development.
(a) Early adulthood
(b) Middle Adulthood
(c) Late Adulthood
(d) Old age
Ques. The global capacity to act purposefully, to think rationally, and to deal effectively with the environment is known as:
Ques. The fact that objects that are near each other tend to be grouped together is known as
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Ques. Which of the following would be an example of short-term memory?
(a) remembering the letters of the alphabet
(b) looking up a phone number and remembering it while you dial
(c) remembering your name
(d) remembering how to ride a bicycle
Ques. Which of the following constructs of intelligence is proposed by Gardner?
(a) bodily kinesthetic
Ques. The most common & most serious vocational hazards of early adulthood are __
(a) Job dissatisfaction & unemployment.
(b) Job Stress
(c) Increasing job demands
(d) Performance evaluation
Ques. Thought that involves going from general principles to specific situations is called _____ reasoning.
Ques. When traveling in a car, near objects seem to move past you faster than distant objects. This is called
(a) aerial perspective
(b) linear perspective
(c) relative size
(d) relative motion
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Ques. The correlation of intelligence test scores between identical twins is
(a) higher when they are raised together than when they are raised apart.
(b) lower than that for fraternal twins raised together.
(c) the same as that for any other blood relatives.
(d) the same whether they are reared together or apart
Ques. According to the interference theory of forgetting,
(a) memory capacity is limited so that when new information is brought in, older memories must be removed
(b) new learning can inhibit the retrieval of stored memory, and vice-versa
(c) forgetting is directly related to the complexity and meaningfulness of the incoming information.
(d) cues present at the time of learning interfere with memory retrieval
Ques. Inductive reasoning goes from the specific to the general. Which of the following is analogous to inductive reasoning?
(a) top-down processing
(b) bottom-up processing
(c) perceptual expectancies
Ques. Which intelligence theorist did/does not believe that the environment plays a role in the development of intelligence?
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Ques. ______ memory is that part of long-term memory containing factual information.
Ques. The fact that we can walk and chew gum at the same time illustrates that
(a) our attention depends on different motor systems.
(b) we use selective attention.
(c) we use divided attention.
(d) we use sequential attention
Ques. The Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale
(a) was specifically designed to test adult intelligence.
(b) provides separate scores for performance intelligence and verbal intelligence.
(c) is completely culturally fair, in that children of different cultures do just as well as children in this culture.
(d) assumes that intellectual ability in childhood improves as age increases.
Ques. Evolutionary explanations for the efficiency of memory argue
(a) it is important to retrieve all past memories.
(b) total recall would paralyze us mentally.
(c) past episodic memories are highly accurate and detailed
(d) environmental experiences are recalled with the highest degree of accuracy.
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Ques. Even though the retinal image of an object may change drastically, the object appears unchanged. This is the principle underlying
(a) perceptual closure.
(b) shape constancy.
(c) ambiguous stimuli.
(d) retinal disparity
Ques. Howard Gardner has theorized all of the following types of intelligence EXCEPT
(c) interpersonal skills.
(d) intrapersonal skills
Ques. The kind of memory that lasts for only a second or two is
(a) long-term memory.
(b) short-term memory.
(c) eidetic memory.
(d) sensory memory
Ques. Illusions are
(a) distortions of existing stimuli.
(b) the same as hallucinations.
(c) the result of innate mechanisms.
(d) not based on external reality
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Ques. Your recollections about your last birthday are stored in your _____ memory.
Ques. Cross-cultural experiences suggest that pictorial cues for depth perception are
Ques. If you witnessed a crime and were asked to pick out the criminal from a lineup, would you do what kind of memory task?
(a) eidetic imagery
Ques. The best summary statement regarding the role of heredity in human intelligence is that
(a) heredity may impose upper limits on intelligence.
(b) heredity may impose lower limits on intelligence.
(c) intelligence is almost completely related to genetic inheritance.
(d) the similarity in IQ scores among maternal relatives is greater than that among paternal relatives
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Ques. The person responsible for the development and design of the first useful individual test of intelligence is
Ques. Consciously forcing painful or anxiety-producing thoughts from memory is called
(a) proactive inhibition.
(d) continued avoidance
Ques. If you stand in the middle of a cobblestone street, the street will look coarse near your feet and finer if you look into the distance. This is called
(a) texture gradient.
(b) linear perspective.
(c) relative size.
(d) relative motion
Ques. A detailed, practical, and workable solution to a problem is called a(n) ______ solution.
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Ques. The term “g-factor,” written by Neisser, refers to
(a) generation factors.
(b) general abilities.
(c) Gardner factors.
(d) group factors
Ques. Assembling a jigsaw puzzle without knowing what it is portrayed would require
(a) bottom-up processing.
(b) holistic reasoning.
(d) top-down processing
Ques. If you wanted to enhance creativity, you would want to
(a) isolate yourself.
(b) make a rash decision.
(c) dig deeper into a problem with logic
(d) look for analogies
Ques. The distribution of IQ scores
(a) is approximately normal or bell-shaped
(b) shows that most people score between 80 and 100.
(c) reveals a difference in the average for men and women.
(d) falls off abruptly above 100
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Ques. Crystallized intelligence develops:
(a) independent of education.
(b) based on one’s culture.
(c) from chemical reactions.
(d) from biological evolution