Quantum number, Hund’s rule, Electronic configuration, Aufbau’s principle, Pauli’s exclusion principle and Shape of orbitals practice multiple choice questions.

Following Hund’s rule which element contains six unpaired electron

(a) *Fe*

(b) *Co
*(c)

*Ni*

(d)

*Cr*

Ans. (d)

Number of unpaired electrons in Mn^{4+} is

(a) 3

(b) 5

(c) 6

(d) 4

Ans. (a)

According to Aufbau’s principle, which of the three 4*d*, 5*p* and 5*s *will be filled with electrons first

(a) 4*d
*(b) 5

*p*

(c) 5

*s*

(d) 4

*d*and 5

*s*will be filled simultaneously

Ans. (c)

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*p*-orbitals of an atom in presence of magnetic field are

(a) Two fold degenerate

(b) Non degenerate

(c) Three fold degenerate

(d) None of these

Ans. (b)

Pauli’s exclusion principle states that

(a) Nucleus of an atom contains no negative charge

(b) Electrons move in circular orbits around the nucleus

(c) Electrons occupy orbitals of lowest energy

(d) All the four quantum numbers of two electrons in an atom cannot be equal

Ans. (d)

The number of unpaired electrons in nitrogen is

(a) 1

(b) 3

(c) 2

(d) None of these

Ans. (b)

How many unpaired electrons are present in cobalt [*Co*] metal

(a) 2

(b) 3

(c) 4

(d) 7

Ans. (b)

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The maximum number of unpaired electron can be present in *d* orbitals are

(a) 1

(b) 3

(c) 5

(d) 7

Ans. (c)

The number of unpaired electrons in an O_{2} molecule is

(a) 0

(b) 1

(c) 2

(d) 3

Ans. (c)

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Total number of unpaired electrons in an atom of atomic number 29 is

(a) 1

(b) 3

(c) 4

(d) 2

Ans. (a)

Number of two electron can have the same values of …… quantum numbers

(a) One

(b) Two

(c) Three

(d) Four

Ans. (c)

The ground state term symbol for an electronic state is governed by

(a) Heisenberg’s principle

(b) Hund’s rule

(c) Aufbau principle

(d) Pauli exclusion principle

Ans. (c)

Consider the ground state of (Z = 24). The numbers of electrons with the azimuthal quantum numbers, *l* = 1 and 2 are, respectively

(a) 16 and 4

(b) 12 and 5

(c) 12 and 4

(d) 16 and 5

Ans. (b)

The number of 2*p* electrons having spin quantum number s = – ½ are

(a) 6

(b) 0

(c) 2

(d) 3

Ans. (d)

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The outer electronic structure 3*s*^{2 }3*p*^{5} is possessed by

(a) *Cl*

(b) *O
*(c)

*Ar*

(d)

*Br*

Ans. (a)

Azimuthal quantum number defines

(a) *e*/*m* ratio of electron

(b) Spin of electron

(c) Angular momentum of electron

(d) Magnetic momentum of electron

Ans. (c)

Quantum numbers of an atom can be defined on the basis of

(a) Hund’s rule

(b) Aufbau’s principle

(c) Pauli’s exclusion principle

(d) Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle

Ans. (c)

The magnetic quantum number of valence electron of sodium (*Na*) is

(a) 3

(b) 2

(c) 1

(d) 0

Ans. (d)

What is the maximum number of electrons which can be accommodated in an atom in which the highest principal quantum number value is 4

(a) 10

(b) 18

(c) 32

(d) 54

Ans. (c)

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An e^{–} has magnetic quantum number as –3, what is its principal quantum number

(a) 1

(b) 2

(c) 3

(d) 4

Ans. (d)

If *n* + *l* = 6, then total possible number of subshells would be

(a) 3

(b) 4

(c) 2

(d) 5

Ans. (a)

Which quantum number will determine the shape of the subshell

(a) Principal quantum number

(b) Azimuthal quantum number

(c) Magnetic quantum number

(d) Spin quantum number

Ans. (b)

For the n = 2 energy level, how many orbitals of all kinds are possible

(a) 2

(b) 3

(c) 4

(d) 5

Ans. (c)

Azimuthal quantum number for last electron of Na atom is

(a) 1

(b) 2

(c) 3

(d) 0

Ans. (d)

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A 3p orbital has

(a) Two spherical nodes

(b) Two non-spherical nodes

(c) One spherical and one non-spherical nodes

(d) One spherical and two non-spherical nodes

Ans. (c)

The number of possible spatial orientations of an electron in an atom is given by its

(a) Spin quantum number

(b) Spin angular momentum

(c) Magnetic quantum number

(d) Orbital angular momentum

Ans. (c)

There is no difference between a 2p and a 3p orbital regarding

(a) Shape

(b) Size

(c) Energy

(d) Value of n

Ans. (a)

The azimuthal quantum number is related to

(a) Size

(b) Shape

(c) Orientation

(d) Spin

Ans. (b)

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The total number of electrons that can be accommodated in all the orbitals having principal quantum number 2 and azimuthal quantum number 1 is

(a) 2

(b) 4

(c) 6

(d) 8

Ans. (c)

When the azimuthal quantum number has a value of *l* = 1, the shape of the orbital is

(a) Unsymmetrical

(b) Spherically symmetrical

(c) Dumb-bell

(d) Complicated

Ans. (c)

The principal quantum number represents

(a) Shape of an orbital

(b) Distance of electron from nucleus

(c) Number of electrons in an orbit

(d) Number of orbitals in an orbit

Ans. (b)

How many electrons can be fit into the orbitals that comprise the 3^{rd} quantum shell n = 3

(a) 2

(b) 8

(c) 18

(d) 32

Ans. (c)

When the azimuthal quantum number has a value of *l* = 0, the shape of the orbital is

(a) Rectangular

(b) Spherical

(c) Dumbbell

(d) Unsymmetrical

Ans. (b)

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For n = 3 energy level, the number of possible orbitals (all kinds) are

(a) 1

(b) 3

(c) 4

(d) 9

Ans. (d)

When 3d orbital is complete, the new electron will enter the

(a) 4*p*-orbital

(b) 4*f*-orbital

(c) 4*s*-orbital

(d) 4*d*-orbital

Ans. (a)

Pauli’s exclusion principle states that

(a) Two electrons in the same atom can have the same energy

(b) Two electrons in the same atom cannot have the same spin

(c) The electrons tend to occupy different orbitals as far as possible

(d) None of the above

Ans. (d)

The number of radial nodes of 3*s* and 2*p* orbitals are respectively.

(a) 2, 0

(b) 0, 2

(c) 1, 2

(d) 2, 1

Ans. (a)

The angular momentum of an electron depends on

(a) Principal quantum number

(b) Azimuthal quantum number

(c) Magnetic quantum number

(d) All of these

Ans. (b)

The maximum energy is present in any electron at

(a) Nucleus

(b) Ground state

(c) First excited state

(d) Infinite distance from the nucleus

Ans. (d)

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The number of orbitals in the fourth principal quantum number will be

(a) 4

(b) 8

(c) 12

(d) 16

Ans. (d)

The two electrons in K sub-shell will differ in

(a) Principal quantum number

(b) Azimuthal quantum number

(c) Magnetic quantum number

(d) Spin quantum number

Ans. (d)

The total number of unpaired electrons in d- orbitals of atoms of element of atomic number 29 is

(a) 10

(b) 1

(c) 0

(d) 5

Ans. (c)

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