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Question Bank for Genetics & Genetic Engineering

genetics and genetic engineering

Genetic Engineering Quiz Questions

Question 1
Which one of the following is a first genetic engineered medicine?
A
Interferon
B
Humulin
C
Somatostatin
D
Human growth hormone
Question 2
Name the scientist who was awarded the Nobel Prize for his genetic studies on the linear arrangement of genes on the chromosomes in the fruitfly, Drosophila melanogaster
A
C.F. Wolff
B
J. Swammerdam
C
T. H. Morgan
D
T.A. Knight
Question 3
Genetically engineered human insulin is called

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A
Hybridoma
B
Humulin
C
Hybridoma
D
Haematin
Question 4
Insect resistance transgenic cotton has been produced by inserting a piece of DNA from
A
A virus
B
A wild relative of cotton
C
A bacterium
D
An insect
Question 5
The genetically engineered crop which has been recently introduced in India is
A
Slow ripening tomato
B
Herbicide tolerant maize
C
Bt cotton
D
Golden rice
Question 6
Reproducing new plants by cells instead of seeds is known as

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A
Antibiotics
B
Tissue culture
C
Mutation
D
Biofertilizer
Question 7
Which one of the following is regarded as a natural genetic engineer?
A
Bacillus subtites
B
Neurospora
C
Agrobacterium tumefaciens
D
Klebsiella frosteri
Question 8
In which bacteria gene of insulin was cloned
A
Diplococcus
B
Shigella
C
Clostridium
D
E. coli
Question 9
Two bacteria found to be very useful in genetic engineering experiment are
A
Escherichia and Agrobacterium
B
Rhizobium and Diplococcus
C
Nitrobacter and Azotobacter
D
Nitrosomonas and Klebsiella
Question 10
Which of the following is related to genetic engineering?
A
Plastid
B
Plasmid
C
Mutation
D
Heterosis
Question 11
In transgenics, expression of transgene in target tissue is determined by
A
Reporter
B
Enhancer
C
Promoter
D
Transgene
Question 12
What does Bt stand for in the popular crop Bt-cotton?
A
Biotechnology
B
Bacillus thuringenesis
C
Bacillus tomentosa
D
Best
Question 13
Which one of the following is called resistance transfer factor?
A
R–factor
B
None of these
C
F–factor
D
Col–factor
Question 14
Which one is used as vector in genetic engineering?
A
None of these
B
Cyanophage
C
Plasmid
D
Bacteriophage
Question 15
'Cloning' is meant for

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A
To preserve the genotype of organism
B
All of these
C
Production of HGH gene in E. coli
D
To replace the original gene
Question 16
Which of the following is important in genetic engineering?
A
RNA polymerase
B
Nuclease
C
Restriction endonuclease
D
DNA polymerase
Question 17
Modified antibiotics are manufactured by the technique of

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A
Vernalization
B
Ultracentrifuge
C
Ultrafiltration
D
Genetic engineering
Question 18
Which enzyme is used for the separation of genetic material
A
Amylase
B
Hydrolase
C
Restriction endonuclease
D
Ligase
Question 19
Widely used tool in genetic engineering of crop plants involves
A
Microinjection
B
protoplast fusion
C
Transposon mediation
D
Agrobacterium mediation
Question 20
Somatic hybrids are produced by

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A
Protoplast fusion
B
Pollen culture
C
Tissue culture
D
Hybridoma process
Question 21
The term 'Genetics' was introduced by
A
William Harvey
B
Johannsen
C
Hugo de Vries
D
William Bateson
Question 22
Which one of the following is indispensable in genetic engineering?
A
RNA polymerase
B
DNA polymerase
C
DNA ligase
D
Reverse transcription
Question 23
Transgenic plants are

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A
Plants having no gene
B
Plants in which gene are present in an opposite or transposition
C
Plants in which genes of another organism have been implanted
D
Plants in which genes have no function to perform
Question 24
Introduction of foreign genes for improving genotype is
A
Tissue culture
B
Vernalization
C
Genetic engineering
D
Biotechnology
Question 25
Plants are genetically engineered with novel genes by
A
Protoplast fusion
B
Embryo rescue technique
C
Recombinant DNA technology
D
Recombination breeding
Question 26
The first great geneticist was

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A
Miller
B
Mendel
C
Galton
D
Morgan
Question 27
A human gene product can be produced by genetically engineered bacteria. This is possible because the
A
Genetic code is universal
B
Human chromosome can replicate in bacterial cell
C
Bacterial cell can carry out the splicing reaction
D
Mechanism of gene regulation is identical in humans and bacteria
Question 28
Genetically engineered human insulin is manufactured by the use of
A
Pseudomonas
B
Ashbya gossypii
C
Rhizopus
D
Escherichia coli
Question 29
The organism which is used for gene transfer in higher organism is
A
Bacillus thuringenesis
B
E. coli
C
Acetobacter
D
Agrobacterium tumefacians
Question 30
Genetic engineering is connected with
A
Euphenics
B
All of these
C
Eugenics
D
Euthencis
Question 31
Abnormal gene is replaced by normal genes through
A
Radiation
B
Medicines
C
Gene therapy
D
Cloning
Question 32
“Molecular scissors” used in genetic engineering is
A
Restriction endonuclease
B
DNA polymerase
C
Helicase
D
DNA ligase
There are 32 questions to complete.
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Vishal Arora

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