Data Sufficiency Reasoning Questions

Direction: All these questions consist of two statements numbered I and II given below. Decide whether the data provided in the statements is sufficient to answer the question and answer from available options.

(a) if the data in statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone is not sufficient to answer the question.
(b) if the data in statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone is not sufficient to answer the question.
(c) if the data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
(d) if the data in both the statements I and II is not sufficient to answer the question.
(e) if the data in both the statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Question: Which direction is Sarthak Goel facing?
Statements:
I. In the early morning, Sarthak Goel was standing in front of a puppet and the shad­ow of the puppet was falling to the right of Sarthak Goel.
II. In the early morning, Sarthak Goel was standing on the ground. His shadow was falling behind him when he turned to his left.

Ans. (c)

Question: Who among the three friends A, B and C reached school first?
I. A reached school at 7.15 am, five minutes before the bell rang.
II. B reached before C, who reached the school before the bell rang.

Ans. (d)

Question: How is Pratibha related to Suresh?
I. Suresh’s mother is Pratibha’s mother-in-law.
II. Suresh is the only son of Sushila, who is Pratibha’s mother-in-law.

Ans. (b)

Question: How many candidates were interviewed every day by the panel ‘A’ out of the three panels A, B and C?
I. The three panels, on an average, can interview 15 candidates every day.
II. Out of a total of 45 candidates interviewed everyday by the three panels, the no. of candidates interviewed by panel ‘A’ is more by 2 than the candidates interviewed by panel ‘C’ and is less by 1 than the candidates interviewed by panel ‘B’.

Ans. (b)

Question: In a row of five buildings A, B, C, D and E, which building is in the middle?
I. Buildings D and B are at the two extreme ends of the row.
II. Building E is to the right of building C.

Ans. (d)

Question: Adarsh amongst Adarsh, Blavinder, Chander, Dheeraj, Ekta and Faruq each having a different height. Who is the shortest?
Statements:
I. Chander is shorter than only Balvinder.
II. Adarsh is taller than only Dheeraj and Faruq.

Ans. (d)

Question: Can Rohan retire from office ‘X’ in January 2030 with full pension benefits?
I. Rohan will complete 30 years of service in office ‘X’ in April 2030 and desires to retire.
II. As per office ‘X’ rules, an employee has to complete a minimum of 30 years of service and attain age of 60. Rohan has 3 years to complete the age of 60.

Ans. (d)

Question: Which code word stands for ‘good’ in the coded sentence ‘sin co bye’ which means ‘He is good’?
I. In the same code language ‘co mot del’ means ‘They are good’.
II. In the same code language ‘sin mic bye’ means ‘He is honest’.

Ans. (c)

Question: At present, how many villagers are voters in Ghaziabad?
Statements:
I. There were 8 Lakh voters in Ghaziabad on the list prepared for the last election.
II. The present list of Ghaziabad has 15% more voters than the list for the last election.

Ans. (e)

Question: Five friends, P, Q, R, S and T are standing in a row facing East. Who is standing at the extreme right end?
I. Only P is between S and T; R is to the immediate right of T.
II. R is between T and Q.

Ans. (e)

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Question: If the first day of a month is Thursday, how many days were there in that month?
Statements:
I. The fourth Sunday happened to be on 25th.
II. The last day of the month was the fifth Saturday of that month.

Ans. (b)

Question: Among five friends, P, Q, R, S and T, who ranks third in terms of salary obtained by them?
I. T’s salary is more than P and Q but not more than S.
II. R’s salary is lowest among them.

Ans. (d)

Question: What does ‘Ne’ stand for in the code language?
I. ‘Na Ni Nok Ne’ means’ I will tell you’ and ‘Ni Nok Ne Nam’ means ‘he will tell you’ in that code language.
II. ‘Ni Ne Mo Nam’ means ‘will he call you’ and ‘Ne Mok Sac Ni’ means ‘how will you go’ in that code language.

Ans. (d)

Question: Z is in which direction with respect of X?
I. Y is to the South of X and Z is to the East of P, which is to the North of Y.
II. P is to the South of X.

Ans. (e)

Question: On which date of a particular year was Aryabhatta commissioned into the Earth’s orbit?
I. China’s secret services claim that it was between 7th and 10th of May.
II. Japan’s space research scientists claim that it was between 5th and 10th of May.

Ans. (d)

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Question: How is P related to Q?
I. J has two daughters, one of them ‘R’ is married to ‘P’
II. Q is the mother of ‘S’ the younger sister of “R”

Ans. (e)

Question: Among Namita, Anita, Samita, Ramita and Sujata, who last for the College?
Statements:
I. Namita came after Anita but not after Sujata.
II. Ramita came after Sujata but not after Samita.

Ans. (e)

Question: How is ‘M’ related to ‘N’?
I. ‘P’ is the daughter of ‘M’ and mother of’S’?
II. ‘T’ is the son of ‘P’ and husband of ‘N’.

Ans. (d)

Question: Which word in the code language means ‘flower’?
I. ‘dem fu la pane’ means ‘rose flower is beautiful’ and ‘la quiz’ means ‘beautiful tree’.
II. ‘dem fu chin’ means ‘red rose flower’ and ‘pa chin’ means ‘red tea’.

Ans. (d)

Question: Who is the paternal uncle of P?
Statements:
I. P is the brother of L, who is the daughter of Q, who is sister of N, who is brother of S.
II. M is the brother of K, who is the husband of L, who is the mother of G, who is sister of P.

Ans. (b)

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Question: What is the distance between Ghaziabad and Gurgaon by the shortest route?
Statements:
I. Ghaziabad is to the North of Noida at a distance of 35km.
II. Gurgaon is to the west of Noida at a distance of 20km.

Ans. (e)

Question: Who is the tallest among A, B,C, D and E ?
I. C is taller than B and E.
II. E is taller than D and A and D is taller than B & C

Ans. (b)

Question: Who is to the immediate right of Pratima among five persons; Pratima, Fatima, Reena, Savita and Tina facing North?
Statements:
I. Reena is third to the left of Fatima; Pratima is second to the right of Reena.
II. Fatima is to the immediate left of Tina, who is second to the right of Pratima.

Ans. (c)

Question: How is P related to N?
I. N is the sister of M, who is the son of Q, whose wife is P.
II. M is the brother of N and son of Q, whose wife is P.

Ans. (c)

Question: D is in which direction of P?
I. S is to the south of P, which is to the west of D.
II. P and R are in a straight line and R is to the south of D,’

Ans. (a)

Question: Which village is to the North-East of Ahmedabad?
Statements:
I. Bhopal is to the North of Ahmedabad, and Cochin and Delhi are to the East and West of Bhopal, respectively.
II. Pune is to the South of Ahmedabad, and Erode is to the East of Pune, Kolkata is to the North of Pune.

Ans. (a)

Question: How is P related to M ?
I. P is the brother of K and T.
II. T is the daughter of Q and sister of M’s daughter.

Ans. (e)

Question: How is Shamita related to Ravina?
Statements:
I. Ravina’s sister is the mother of Nina, who is the daughter of Shamita.
II. Priyanka is the sister of Shamita.

Ans. (d)

Question: What is Sudin’s rank in the class of 44 students?
I. Ramesh, whose rank is 17th in the class, is ahead of Shyam by 6 ranks, Shyam being 7 ranks ahead of Sudin.
II. Suketu is 26 ranks ahead of Sudin and Shyamala is 6 ranks behind Sudin while Savita stands exactly in the middle of Shy-amala and Suketu in ranks, her rank being 17.

Ans. (c)

Question: In a row of five A, B, C, D and E, who is standing in the middle?
I. D is to the immediate right of E and B is to the immediate left of E.
II. B is at the extreme left of the row.

Ans. (e)

Question: How many daughters does K have?
Statements:
I. L and N are sisters of M.
II. N’s mother is K who has only one son.

Ans. (e)

Question: What is the distance (in km) between Achalpur and Durgapur by the shortest route?
I. Durgapur is 8 km to the north of Meerapur, which is 162 km away from Achalpur.
II. Achalpur is 69 km away from Bijnaur, which is 28 km away from Durgapur.

Ans. (d)

Question: When was the election of the president of society held?
Statements:
I. Sumeet submitted his nomination for the election on 13th and left on 17th for Delhi, the day after he won the election.
II. The nominations were scrutinised on 14th and the ballot papers were prepared on the following day.

Ans. (e)

Question: In an examination ‘X’ four tests P, Q, R and S are given. Which is the easiest one?
I. Most of the examinees attempted test ‘Q’ first. While ‘P’ was left incomplete by many.
II. Test ‘R’ is found easier than test ‘S’ by all the examinees.

Ans. (d)

Question: Anu, Balvinder, Charu, Davinder and Falak are seated around a circular table facing to the centre. Who is on the immediate right of Balvinder?
Statements:
I. Davinder is between Anu and Falak.
II. Charu is between Balvinder and Falak.

Ans. (d)

Question: What does ‘pit’ mean in a certain code language?
I. ‘ja na pit sod’ means ‘beautiful bunch of flowers’ in that code language.
II. ‘na sod pa tok’ means ‘huge bunch of twigs’ in that code language.

Ans. (d)

Question: Towards which direction is P from R?
I. S is towards the west of M and north-east of R.
II. P is towards the south of S.

Ans. (d)

Question: How many employees of Sateesh Private Limited got promotion?
Statements:
I. 18% of the 950 officer cadre employees and 6% of the 1100 of all other cadre em­ployees got promotion.
II. 28% of the employees in the age group of 51 to 56 and 17% of the employees in all other age groups got promotion.

Ans. (a)

Question: Who among A, B, C, D, E & F read the book last?
I. F, who gave the book to B after reading, was third to read the same.
II. C, who read the book after A, was the third person to read the book before it reached E.

Ans. (d)

Question: In a certain code language what does ‘come’ mean?
Statements:
I. ‘pit na ja’ means ‘come and go’ in the code language.
II. ‘na dik sa’ means ‘you may go’ in the code language.

Ans. (d)

Question: How is M related to R?
I. P and R are children of K, who is wife of M.
II. N’s sister M is married to R’s father.

Ans. (c)

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Question: Is Danny brother of Jennifer ?
Statements:
I. Jennifer is the sister of Martha and Kavin.
II. Kavin is the brother of Danny.

Ans. (d)

Question: Who among M, T, R, K and Q is the tallest ?
I. T is taller than R, M and Q but shorter than K.
II. R, T and M are shorter than K but taller than Q

Ans. (c)

Question: In which month of the year was Mohan born?
I. Mohan was born in winter.
II. Mohan was born exactly fourteen months after his elder sister, who was born in October.

Ans. (b)

Question: Who amongst P, Q, R, S, T and U is the tallest?
I. P is taller than R and T but not as tall as U, who is taller than Q and S.
II. R is the third in height in the ascending order and not as tall as U, P and Q, Q being taller than P but not the tallest.

Ans. (c)

Question: Is Mr ‘Y’ entitled to get promotion in the month of September 2025?
I. As per his office rules, the only condition for promotion is completion of 12 years of service in a particular grade on 31 st December of every year.
II. Mr ‘Y’ has been working in this office for the last 12 years.

Ans. (d)

Question: How long does it take to reach Pune from Mumbai?
Statements:
I. Sangita was scheduled to leave the city of Mumbai at 17.15 hrs but got late by 45 minutes and reached the city of Pune at 06.15 hrs the next day.
II. Sangita reached the busstand in the city of Mumbai at 14.25 hrs and got on the bus after waiting for 35 minutes. She reached Pune at 3.15 hrs the next day.

Ans. (c)

Question: What is the area of a square ABCD ?
I. The perimeter of the square is 16 cm.
II. The difference between the length of side CD and the sum of the lengths of side AB and CD is 4 cms.

Ans. (c)

Question: How is Sangeeta related to Vaishali?
Statements:
I. Sangeeta’s husband is the only son of Vaishali’s mother.
II. Sangeeta’s brother and Vaishali’s husband are cousins.

Ans. (c)

Question: The annual function of “The Law college” was celebrated on which date?
I. The annual function was celebrated on its 25th foundation day.
II. The college was founded on 85th day of the year 1974.

Ans. (e)

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Question: How is ‘A’ related to ‘D’ ?
I. ‘C’ is the daughter of A and sister of B.
II. ‘D’ is the son of F who is C’s grandfather.

Ans. (d)

Question: How many girls are taller than Samir in his class?
I. When students of Samir’s class are ranked in descending order of their height, Samir’s rank is 17th from top among all the students and 12th among boys.
II. Samir’s rank from the bottom on the basis of height among boys is 18th and among all students is 29th.

Ans. (a)

Question: Which direction is John facing?
I. Alok is to the right of John.
II. A man is sitting opposite of Alok facing north.

Ans. (d)

Question: Among five colleagues, A, B, C, D and E who is the highest salary earner ?
I. B’s salary is less than the sum of the salaries of A and C, but more than the sum of salaries of E and D.
II. A’s salary is more than that of both E and D but less than that of C who ranks second in the descending order of their salaries.

Ans. (b)

Question: Out of the four teams, Australia, Bangladesh, India and Denmark, which is the team likely to win, as per the opinion poll ?
Statements:
I. As per the opinion poll, of team India winning are more than that of team Australia, but not as much as that of team Bangladesh, whose chances of winning are more than that of team Australia.
II. As per the opinion poll, team India’s chances of winning are less than that of team Bangladesh but not less than that of team Denmark, whose chances of winning are more than that of team Australia.

Ans. (b)

Question: What will be the position of the hour hand of a clock at 7.30 PM?
Statements:
I. There are English alphabets on the dial of the clock instead of digits.
II. The hour is at P at 7 O’clock.

Ans. (d)

Question: Among P, Q, R, S, T and V, who is the heaviest?
I. P and S are heavier than Q, T and V but none of them is the heaviest.
II. P is heavier than S but lighter than R.

Ans. (a)

Question: What is the meaning of “nic” in a certain code language ?
I. In that code language “pat nic no ran” means “what is your name”.
II. In that code language “nic sa ran ja” means “my name is Shambhu”.

Ans. (d)

Question: How is Anju related to Babita ?
Statements:
I. A is the sister-in-law of C., who is the daughter-in-law of B, who is the wife of D.
II. B is the mother of A’s son’s only uncle’s son.

Ans. (c)

Question: Manish’s flat is on which floor of the five-floor apartment?
Statements:
I. His flat is exactly above Govind’s flat, which is exactly above Narayan’s first-floor flat.
II. Jeevan’s flat, which is adjacent to Manish’s flat, is exactly below Ahmed’s flat, which is on the fourth floor.

Ans. (c)

Question: What is the relation between M and F?
I. M has two sons, one of whom is B.
II. The mother of F has two sons D and B.

Ans. (d)

Question: Who scored highest among Arshad, Billu, Chaman, Danish, & Ekta?
Statements:
I. Billu scored more than Danish, but not as much as Chaman.
II. Ekta scored more than Chaman but not more than Arshad.

Ans. (e)

Question: Point X is in which direction with respect to Y ?
Statements:
I. Point Z is at an equal distance from both point X and point Y.
II. Walking 5 km to the East or point X and taking two consecutive right turns after walking 5 km before each turn leads to point Y.

Ans. (b)

Question: How many boys are there in the class?
I. Mita’s rank among girls is 5th from the top and her rank in the class is 9th from the bottom.
II. No. of boys in the class is twice the number of girls.

Ans. (d)

Question: Who has secured the maximum marks among six friends: A,B,C,D,E and F ?
Statements:
I. B got fewer marks than A and F but not less than C, D and E.
II. F got more marks than B, but not as much as A.

Ans. (e)

Question: When was Samir born?
I. Samir passed out from the university on his 22nd birthday on 16th April 2022.
II. Samir was elder than Sudha by three years who recently celebrated her 18th birthday.

Ans. (a)

Question: How many stations are there while going from station ‘X’ to station ’Y’?
Statements:
I. Station ‘G’ precedes station ‘ Y’ and station ‘K’ is next station after station ‘X’.
II. Station ‘M’ is third from ‘K’ and there are 4 stations between M and Y.

Ans. (e)

Question: How is Mr Sandeep related to Sushila?
I. Mr Sandeep is the only son of Sushila’s brother’s father-in-law.
II. Mr Sandeep’s father-in-law is Sushila’s father.

Ans. (a)

Question: Who among the three friends A, B and C reached the school first?
I. A reached the school at 7.15 — am five minutes before the bell rang.
II. B reached before C, who reached the school before the bell rang.

Ans. (d)

Question: How many books did Dinesh purchase in ‘X’ bookshop?
Statements:
I. Dinesh wanted to purchase 65 books, but only 45 books were available in shop’X’.
II. Dinesh selected 37 books but had money to purchase 27 books and asked for some credit with which the shop-keeper of’X’ bookstall did not agree.

Ans. (b)

Question: Who is the uncle of L ?
I. P, brother of M, is father of L; M is father of S.
II. R is father of L’s cousin.
(a) I alone is sufficient
(b) II alone is sufficient
(c) Either I alone or II alone is sufficient
(d) Both I and II together are not sufficient
(e) Both I and II together are necessary

Ans. (c)

Question: Who is to the North-East of Radhika?
I. S is to the South-East of N, who is to the South West of P, who is to the North of Q.
II. T is to the North-West of Q, who is to the South of P.
III. R, who is to the North of S, is midway between N and Q, N being to the West of R.
(a) All I, II, III together are required
(b) Only I and III together are sufficient
(c) Only II and III together are sufficient
(d) Either I and III together or II and III together are sufficient
(d) None of these

Ans. (d)

Question: How much did Sohil get as profit at the year-end in the business done by Animesh, Sohil
and Akhilesh?
I. Akhilesh invested Rs. 8000 for nine months, his profit was 23 times that of Sohil’s, and his investment was 4 times that of Animesh.
II. Animesh & Sohil invested for one year and in the proportion 1 :2 respectively.
III. The three together got Rs 1000 as profit at the year-end.
(a) Only I and II together are sufficient
(b) Only I and III together are sufficient
(c) I, II and III together are not sufficient
(d) I, II and III together are not necessary
(e) None of these

Ans. (e)

Question: What is the rank of Suresh in a class of 17 students?
I. Nitin, having 13th rank from the bottom, is six ranks ahead of Bhupesh, who is two ranks behind Suresh.
II. Bhupesh is four ranks ahead of Kamlesh.
III. Bhupesh is two ranks behind Suresh and Kamlesh’s rank is 15
(a) Only I alone is sufficient
(b) Either I alone or II and III together are sufficient
(c) Only II and III together are sufficient
(d) Only I and III together are sufficient
(e) None of these

Ans. (b)

Question: Which code represents ‘Them’ in the given code language?
I. In the code language, ‘Se Me Ye’ means ‘Tell Them Young’ and ‘Me Yo Na Ye’ means ‘Wise Young Sharp Tell’.
II. In the code language ‘Na Ki Pa Lo’ means ‘Clever Sharp Come Tomorrow’ and ‘Ki Po Se Ye’ means ‘Bring Clever Young Them’.
III. In the code language, ‘Pa Na Se Ki Te’ means ‘Cleve Sharp Come Them No’ and’ Ki Ni Pa Be Te Na’ means ‘Yellow Come Sharp Run Clever No’.
(a) Only I alone is sufficient
(b) Either I alone or II and III together are sufficient
(c) Only II and III together are sufficient
(d) Only III alone is sufficient
(e) Either I alone or III alone is sufficient

Ans. (e)