Earth Science Practice Quiz

earth kids quiz

Geology and Earth Science quiz for Kids:

Ques. Measuring from the closest point of each of these countries to the equator, which is the furthest from the equator?
(a) South Africa
(b) Ecuador
(c) Ethiopia
(d) Canada

Ans. (d)

Ques. Atmospheric pressure exerted on earth is due to:
(a) rotation of earth
(b) revolution of earth
(c) gravitational pull
(d) uneven heating of earth

Ans. (c)

Ques. The Coriolis Force is absent along the
(a) Polar region
(b) Pole
(c) Equator
(d) All of these

Ans. (c)

Ques. The zone of Earth’s atmosphere immediately above its surface up to a height of about 16 kms above equator and 8 kms over the poles is known as __
(a) Mesosphere
(b) Thermosphere
(c) Troposphere
(d) Stratosphere

Ans. (c)

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Ques. The uppermost layer of the Earth’s crust which is capable of supporting life is called
(a) Biosphere
(b) Lithosphere
(c) Hydrosphere
(d) Stratosphere

Ans. (b)

Ques. The word Biosphere refers to:
(a) Zone of soil, water and air around earth capable of supporting the flora and fauna.
(b) Part of earth surface which can support the flora
(c) Parts of air around earth a where life can exist
(d) Zone of water on earth which can support life.

Ans. (a)

Ques. Which of the following latitude passes through Asia?
(a) Tropic of Capricorn only
(b) Tropic of Cancer only
(c) Equator only
(d) Tropic of Cancer and Equator only

Ans. (b)

Ques. The polar Easterlies lie at
(a) 0-30o latitude
(b) 30-60o latitude
(c) 60-90o latitude
(d) 90o latitude

Ans. (c)

Ques. What name is given to the age at the end of which the extinction event happened which saw the end of the dinosaur?
(a) Carboniferous
(b) Triassic
(c) Cretaceous
(d) Devonian

Ans. (c)

Ques. Ozone layer lies in the
(a) Troposphere
(b) Tropopause
(c) Stratosphere
(c) Photosphere

Ans. (c)

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Ques. The hypothesis that there are episodes in Earth’s history when it became completely frozen, including at the equator, are referred to as what ?
(a) Snowball Earth
(b) Snowman Earth
(c) Giant Ice
(d) The Total Freeze

Ans. (a)

Ques. Name the layer which makes radio communication possible on the earth.
(a) Ionosphere
(b) Stratosphere
(c) Troposphere
(d) Lithosphere

Ans. (a)

Ques. The most abundant element in the earth’s crust is
(a) Sodium
(b) Potassium
(c) Oxygen
(d) Silicon

Ans. (c)

Ques. Equator represents
(a) line joining North and South poles
(b) imaginary line passing round the Earth midway between North & South poles
(c) a ring around the planet Saturn
(d) axis of rotation of Earth

Ans. (b)

Ques. The lowest layer of the atmosphere is .
(a) Stratosphere
(b) Thermosphere
(c) Troposphere
(d) Mesosphere

Ans. (c)

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Ques. The rotational motion of earth is maximum at the—
(a) North pole
(b) Tropic of Capricorn
(c) Equator
(d) Tropic of cancer

Ans. (a)

Ques. Mention the ray which appears to originate outside the earth.
(a) cosmic ray
(b) the ultra-violet ray
(c) the alpha ray
(d) the beta ray

Ans. (a)

Ques. What is the angle made by the axis of the Earth with its orbital plane?
(a) 10o
(b) 33o
(c) 66o
(d) 15o

Ans. (c)

Ques. Atmospheric temperature increasing at the higher altitudes is called
(a) Radiation
(b) Inversion
(c) Conduction
(d) Convection

Ans. (b)

Ques. The right ascension is the equivalent of longitude on the celestial sphere, and it is given in the units of
(a) degrees
(b) time-hours, minutes and seconds
(c) only hours
(d) only seconds

Ans. (b)

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Ques. A difference of 1 degree in longitude at the Equator is equivalent to nearly
(a) 101 km
(b) 111 km
(c) 121 km
(d) 125 km

Ans. (b)

Ques. The Earth completes one rotation on its axis in.
(a) 23 hours 30 minutes
(b) 23 hours 55 minutes 49 seconds
(c) 24 hours
(d) 23 hours 10 minutes 2 seconds

Ans. (b)

Ques. Which of the following is most useful for measuring the shortest distance between two places on the earth and path between them?
(a) Atlas map
(b) Thematic maps
(c) Wall maps
(d) Globe

Ans. (a)

Ques. The rotational motion of earth is maximum at the—
(a) North pole
(b) Tropic of Capricorn
(c) Equator
(d) Tropic of cancer

Ans. (a)

Ques. Days and nights are caused by
(a) Rotation of earth on its axis
(b) Revolution of earth
(c) Rotation and revolution of earth
(d) None of these

Ans. (a)

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Ques. What causes change in the seasons on earth
(a) Rotation
(b) Revolution
(c) Rotation and Revolution both
(d) None of these

Ans. (b)

Ques. Why are winters more severe in the Southern Hemisphere than in the Northern Hemisphere?
(a) Earth is tilted towards the sun in the Northern Hemisphere
(b) Northern Hemisphere receives more sunlight
(b) Because of more iceberg activity in Southern Hemisphere
(d) Southern Hemisphere is less inhabited

Ans. (a)

Ques. Longitude measures the angular distance, expressed in degrees of a point on the Earth’s surface:
(a) east or west of prime meridian
(b) north or south of the equator
(c) only east of prime meridian
(d) only west of the prime meridian

Ans. (a)

Ques. Troposphere is the hottest part of the atmosphere because
(a) it is closest to the Sun
(b) there are charged particles in it
(c) it is heated by the Earth’s surface
(d) heat is generated in it

Ans. (c)

Ques. The Earth rotates by what degree in four minutes
(a) 4 degree
(b) 10 degree
(c) 36 degree
(d) 1 degree

Ans. (d)

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Ques. Blizzards are characteristic features of _
(a) equatorial region
(b) tropical region
(c) Antarctic region
(d) temperate region

Ans. (c)

Ques. Which is the only continent through which the Cancer, Equatorial and Capricorn passes?
(a) Australia
(b) South America
(c) Asia
(d) Africa

Ans. (d)

Ques. Which imaginary line  running on the globe divides into two equal parts
(a) Tropic of Cancer
(b) Tropic of Capricorn
(c) Equator
(d) None of these

Ans. (c)

Ques. The temperature increases rapidly above
(a) Ionosphere
(b) Exosphere
(c) Stratosphere
(d) Troposphere

Ans. (b)

Ques. What is the period of rotation of Earth around its axis is called
(a) Day time
(b) Rotation period
(c) Daily motion
(d) None of these

Ans. (b)

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Ques. The deflection of the winds to the right in the northern hemisphere is caused by:
(a) revolution of the- earth
(b) rotation of the earth
(c) uneven heating of the earth
(d) All the above

Ans. (b)

Ques. The change of seasons is caused by
(a) Rotation of Earth
(b) Revolution of Earth
(c) Rotation and revolution of Earth
(d) None of these

Ans. (c)

Ques. Which of the following inert gases is not found in atmosphere?
(a) Xenon
(b) Argon
(c) Helium
(d) Radon

Ans. (d)

Ques. What is the correct order of our atmospheric layers ?
(a) Troposphere, Ozonosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere
(b) Troposphere, Stratopause, Tropopause, Thermosphere
(c) Ozonosphere, Tropopause, Mesopause, Thermosphere
(d) Tropopause, Biosphere, Thermosphere, Atmosphere

Ans. (a)

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Richa Bhardwaj

Richa (B. Tech) has keen interest in Science and loves to teach students about it through lectures and assignments. She always try to use simple language and sentences while writing to make sure learner understands everything properly.