UPSC sample papers

Governance in India Polity UPSC Questions

Polity UPSC Questions

Indian Polity and Governance Questions and Answers:

Ques. The judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the ___.
(a) President
(b) Prime Minister
(c) Law Minister
(d) Home Minister
Ans. (a)

Ques. All doubts and disputes in connection with election of the Vice- President of India are decided by the
(a) High Court of a State
(b) Chief Election Commissioner
(c) Supreme Court of India
(d) President of India
Ans. (c)

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Ques. When India became a Republic?
(a) 15 August, 1947
(b) 26 November 1949
(c) 26 January 1950
(d) 14 August, 1947
Ans. (c)

Ques. The __ view Politics as a conflict between two classes of the haves and Individual and the State the have-nots
(a) Greeks
(b) Romans
(c) Marxists
(d) Aristotle
Ans. (c)

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Ques. Who appoints the Governor of the State?
(a) The President
(b) The Vice President
(c) The Prime Minister
(d) The Chief Justice of India
Ans. (a)

Ques. Justice means giving people what they _____.
(a) are entitled to
(b) want to
(c) need to
(d) wish to
Ans. (a)

Ques. The minimum age for being a member of Vidhan Sabha is ________ years.
(a) 21
(b) 25
(c) 30
(d) 35
Ans. (b)

Ques. The term ‘State’ was first used by __
(a) Plato
(b) Machiavelli
(c) Kautilya
(d) Garner
Ans. (c)

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Ques. The retirement age of the judges of a High Court is __________ years.
(a) 59
(b) 60
(c) 61
(d) 62
Ans. (d)

Ques. Who is the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha?
(a) The President
(b) The Prime Minister
(c) The Speaker
(d) The Vice-President
Ans. (d)

Ques. Three-tier system was first advocated by the Committee headed by _____.
(a) Ashok Mehta
(b) Balwant Rai Mehta
(c) Suresh Mehta
(d) Sardar Patel
Ans. (b)

Ques. The term Liberty is derived from the __ word liber
(a) Greek
(b) Roman
(c) Sanskrit
(d) Latin
Ans. (d)

Ques. Who issues the notification for elections?
(a) Election Commission
(b) Returning Officer
(c) President
(d) Central Secretary
Ans. (c)

Ques. Who acts as President when neither the President nor the Vice-President is available?
(a) The Prime Minister
(b) The Chief Justice of India
(c) The Chief Election Commissioner
(d) The Speaker of Lok Sabha
Ans. (b)

Ques. In India we have __ number of regional parties
(a) larger
(b) less
(c) zero
(d) two
Ans. (a)

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Ques. What does Equality means?
(a) freedom to do anything
(b) identify and give rewards to people
(c) absence of special privileges
(d) removal of all castes and religion
Ans. (c)

Ques. Economic problems of common people are solved through communalism.
(a) True
(b) False
Ans. (b)

Ques. Members of which of the following House are not members of the electoral College: Structure of Government
(a) Rajya Sabha
(b) Vidhan Sabha
(c) Vidhan Parishad
(d) Lok Sabha
Ans. (c)

Ques. Human Rights encompass the _______ principles of humanity.
(a) oldest
(b) medieval
(c) fundamental
(d) moral
Ans. (c)

Ques.  Nationality is derived from the Latin word________.
(a) Natus
(b) Nato
(c) Natio
(d) Nalty
Ans. (a)

Ques. Violence is the greatest threat to?
(a) Rule of Law
(b) Police
(c) Democracy
(d) Politics
Ans. (a)

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Ques. The Indian Constitution is ___ federal.
(a) Central
(b) Quasi
Ans. (a)

Ques. Trees are a good example of non-renewable resource.
(a) True
(b) False
Ans. (b)

Ques. People living in a common territory are likely to develop a common _____.
(a) language
(b) culture
(c) unity
(d) colony
Ans. (b)

Ques. Trade and Commerce is a subject with __ List.
(a) Union
(b) State
(c) Concurrent
(d) Parliament
Ans. (b)

Ques. The State has a right to demand __ from the people.
(a) obedience
(b) goods
(c) protection
(d) patriotism
Ans. (a)

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Ques. Innocent population remained unaffected by wars and violence.
(a) True
(b) False
Ans. (b)

Ques. Globalisation is confined to economic areas alone.
(a) True
(b) False
Ans. (b)

Ques. Which is one of the four elements of State?
(a) patriotism
(b) water
(c) army
(d) sovereignty
Ans. (d)

Ques.  Panchayati Raj institutions were given constitutional status by ______ Amendment Act.
(a) 72nd
(b) 73rd
(c) 71st
(d) 74th
Ans. (b)

Ques. The judges of the World Court are elected by _____
(a) General Assembly
(b) Security Council
(c) Economic Council
(d) Security Council and the General Assembly
Ans. (d)

Ques. The state exists to act as a __ of society.
(a) end
(b) population
(c) protector
(d) means
Ans. (d)

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Ques. The ‘non-military sanctions’ imposed by the Security Council are not compulsorily implemented by all member countries of the United Nations.
(a) True
(b) False
Ans. (b)

Ques. In which of the following Equal Pay for Equal Work for both men and women provide?
(a) Fundamental Rights
(b) Fundamental Duties
(c) Directive Principles
(d) State principle
Ans. (c)

Ques. The World Bank helps the developing countries to correct balance of payments deficits.
(a) True
(b) False
Ans. (b)

Ques. The membership of the state is ___
(a) voluntary
(b) compulsory
(c) joint efforts
(d) natural
Ans. (b)

Ques. An independent agency for recruitment of civil servants is required because :
(a) it maintains the merit system and neutrality in civil services.
(b) it protects the rights of the people.
(c) it serves the aspiration of the ministers.
(d) it is an appointing authority of the civil servants.
Ans. (a)

Ques. In India writs are issued by __.
(a) lower court
(b) subordinate court
(c) high court
(d) minority court
Ans. (c)

Ques. The chairman and the members of the UPSC can be removed from their post by the
(a) Council of Ministers
(b) President
(c) Prime Minister
(d) Supreme Court
Ans. (b)

Ques. Which department of the government makes laws?
(a) Government
(b) Executive
(c) Legislature
(d) Police
Ans. (c)

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Ques. The age limit up to which a member of state PSC may hold his post is :
(a) 60 years
(b) 62 years
(c) 63 years
(d) 64 years
Ans. (b)

Ques. Any person arrested by the police shall have to be produced before the nearest magistrate within a period of :
(a) 12 hours
(b) 24 hours
(c) 36 hours
(d) 48 hours
Ans. (b)

Ques. The district and local administration has assumed more importance after __ and __ constitutional amendments
(a) 73rd, 74th
(b) 63rd, 64th
(c) 53rd, 54th
(d) 43rd, 44th
Ans. (a)

Ques. What bind the people together in a state?
(a) politics
(b) society
(c) religion
(d) laws
Ans. (d)

Ques. The chief function of the Cabinet Secretary is to provide the assistance to the __________.
(a) Council of Ministers
(b) Home Minister
(c) Finance minister
(d) Prime Minister
Ans. (a)

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Ques. District has been the basic territorial unit of administration in India.
(a) True
(b) False
Ans. (a)

Ques. The liberal state is a social ___ state.
(a) Liberal
(b) Absolute
(c) Service
(d) Capitalistic
Ans. (c)

Ques. The office of the District Collector was created in :
(a) 1771
(b) 1772
(c) 1774
(d) 1777
Ans. (b)

Ques. B.D.O’s prepares the budget at the ____________.
(a) block level
(b) district level
(c) state level
(d) personal level
Ans. (a)

Ques. From each according to his abilities to each according to his ___. It is the essence of socialism. (a) work
(b) needs
(c) ends
(d) production
Ans. (a)

Ques. ______ is the main mechanism through which the state implements its development programmes.
(a) Bureaucracy
(b) Welfare
(c) Regulatory
(d) Rational
Ans. (a)

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Ques. Bureaucracy was criticized for not demonstrating enough ______ to development needs and programmes.
(a) Commitment
(b) Politics
(c) Neutrality
(d) Bureaucracy
Ans. (a)

Ques. Questions can be raised in __ by the elected representatives concerning their Constituencies.
(a) Court
(b) Parliament
Ans. (b)

Ques. The role of Central Vigilance Commission is __
(a) extensive
(b) limited
Ans. (b)

Ques. The Constitution of India was drafted by the
(a) Advisory Committee
(b) Secretariat of the Assembly
(c) President of the Assembly
(d) Drafting Committee
Ans. (d)

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Ques. A Constitution is a body of _____
(a) rules
(b) basic laws
(c) principles
(d) constitution
Ans. (b)

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