Fundamental Questions and answers on social and cultural anthropology:
Ques. The Polynesian term taboo means
Ques. __ is an instrument of culture Transmission and an agent of socialization
(b) Social control
(d) None of these
Ques. The term ‘Caste’ was derived from
Ques. An interrelation between two or more clans makes a __
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Ques. Who is the father of Socialism?
(a) Marie Curie
(b) Winston Churchill
(c) Robert Owen
(d) Edward Jenner
Ques. __ are of opinion that culture has growth in course of history.
Ques. __ is the unilateral social groups.
Ques. Who is the father of Scientific Socialism?
(a) Margaret Sanger
(b) Karl Marx
(c) Mikhail Gorbachev
(d) Mary Wollstonecraft
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Ques. __ family formed by the agglomeration of nuclear family units or parts of them
Ques. __ defined culture as comprises inherited artifacts, goods, technical processes, ideas , habits and values.
(b) Levi Strauss
(c) Radcliff Brown
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Ques. Who is the father of sociology?
(a) Augustus Comte
(b) Enrico Fermi
(c) Simon Bolivar
(d) Harriet Tubman
Ques. __ placed the model of social structure in two categories i.e. the actual and general social structure.
(b) Levi strauss
(c) Radcliff Brown
Ques. To judge other peoples way of life in terms of own cultural view point is called __
(a) cultural relativism
(b) cultural lag
(d) cultural process
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Ques. Clan refers to a __ kins of group based on either matrilineal or patrilireal descent
(c) Only lateral
(d) None of these
Ques. Who is the father of Cooperation?
(a) Robert Owen
(b) Charles Babbage
(c) Nicolo Machiavelli
(d) William the Conquerer
Ques. Who authored Contract Social?
(c) Thomas Jefferson
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Ques. Who is the father of Jurisprudence?
(a) Alexander Graham Bell
(b) Mao Zedong
(c) Elizabeth Stanton
(d) John Locke
Ques. What is meant by social justice?
(a) All should have same economic rights
(b) All should have same political rights.
(c) All kinds of discrimination based on caste, creed, colour and sex should be eliminated.
(d) All should be granted right to freedom of religion
Ques. Social forestry:
(a) running country from the Forest
(b) management of forest by cooperates
(c) cutting down forests to set up human society
(d) growing and management of useful plants on government owned land
Is Sociology a Science?
When we study society, is sociology a science? Many sociologists believe that it is. However, this view is outdated and largely based on personal beliefs. Regardless of the fact that sociology has its place in society, it is important to distinguish it from other science fields. A science can be defined as anything that is empirical and measurable. The definition of a science depends on what it measures and how it measures it.
Sociology is not science: Argument
One of the main differences between science and sociology is the way we define scientific knowledge. One school of thought calls sociology a social science and a positivist view believes it is not. While these two approaches differ in their approach, both share the belief that sociological factors have an impact on human behaviour and beliefs. In
the positivist view, science is about controlled environments where variables can be measured and tested. A postmodern view, however, considers social factors as influencing every aspect of human life.
Sociology is science: Argument
People who believe Sociology is a science because it employs a systematic method to study social behavior. Researchers apply rigorous scientific methods to study the social world and try to avoid biases. These methods include collecting data, conducting research and interpreting results. In addition to scientific methodology, sociologists apply methods of observation, measurement, and analysis to make predictions and suggest testable preventative measures. While a science cannot predict the future, it can provide important information about human behavior.