UPSC sample papers

100+ Multiple Choice Questions on Mughal Empire

mughal empire history questions

Mughal History MCQs

Question 1
Which of the following measures of Sher Shah Suri greatly helped in the promotion of trade and commerce?
A
He built several sarais on the highways
B
He got many important roads built
C
He abolished all internal duties and taxes were levied only at the points of import and sales
D
The roads were very safe
Question 2
Kabir was contemporary of
A
None of these
B
Both
C
Sultan Sikandar Lodhi
D
Guru Nanak
Question 3
Two marble masterpieces of the reign of Shah Jahan were
A
Pearl Mosque (Moti Masjid) and Taj Mahal (at Agra)
B
Diwan-i-Khas and Musamman BuIj (Jasmine Palace at Agra)
C
Jami Masjid and Diwan-i-Khas (Shahjahanabad, Delhi)
D
Diwan-i-Aam and Shish Mahal (at Agra)
Question 4
Who among the following founded the city of Ahmedabad?
A
Muhammad I Begarha
B
Ahmad Shah
C
Muzaffar Shah II
D
Qutub-ud-din Ahmad Shah
Question 5
Who were called the 'New Muslims'?
A
Mongol converts to Islam
B
Hindu converts to Islam
C
Turkish converts to Islam
D
Persian converts to Islam
Question 6
On the wall of which building built by Shah Jahan, is the following Persian couplet inscribed "if there is paradise on earth, it is this, it is this, it is this"?
A
Diwan-i-Khas, Delhi
B
Moti Masjid
C
Diwan-i-Aam, Delhi
D
Jasmine Palace
Question 7
Which of the following buildings at Fatehpur Sikri is known as Ibadatkhana where Akbar used to hold religious discussions?
A
Jami Masjid
B
Panch Mahal
C
Diwan-i-Aam
D
Diwan-i-Khas
Question 8
The most decisive battle between the forces of Dara and Aurangzeb (in the war of Succession) was fought at
A
Dharmat
B
Khajwa
C
Samugarh
D
Deorai
Question 9
Who of the following Portuguese is regarded as a 'monster in human disguise' and the one who had no bowels of compassion?
A
Joao de Castro
B
Almeida
C
Albuquerque
D
Vasco da Gama
Question 10
Which of the following statements correctly describes the real spirit of Din-i-illahi?
A
It was a concept of common citizenship of the people of common faith
B
It possessed the excellence of all the existing creeds but defects of none
C
It was founded to instil intense loyalty to the emperor
D
It was an attempt towards founding a universal religion
Question 11
The medieval Indian Muslim poet, historian and musician who called himself 'a parrot of India' was
A
Tansen
B
Amir Khusrau
C
Mulla Daud
D
Malik Muhammad Jayasi
Question 12
To which race did Mahmud of Ghazni belong?

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A
Arab
B
Afghan
C
Mongol
D
Turk
Question 13
Shah Jahan was kept in prison by Aurangzeb at

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A
Agra
B
Ajmer
C
Delhi
D
Daulatabad
Question 14
Of the following European nations, only the ___ did not attempt to establish trading centres in India.
A
Britishers
B
Dutch
C
Italians
D
French
Question 15
The oldest specimens of poetry in the Punjabi language are devotional compositions attributed to
A
Guru Nanak
B
Guru Tegh Bahadur
C
Guru Angad
D
Baba Farid
Question 16
Name the Rajput General who bravely fought the Battle of Khanwa before losing to Babar.
A
Rana Sanga
B
Raja Jai Singh
C
Rana Pratap
D
Rana Man Singh
Question 17
In which year did Mahmud of Ghaznavi perform the infamous plunder of the Somnath temple?
A
1022
B
1008
C
1026
D
1017
Question 18
Babar was originally the ruler of
A
Persia
B
Khandahar
C
Fargana
D
Kabul
Question 19
What was the important reason for fall of Vijayanagar Empire?
A
Internal instability and weakness of Princes
B
Moplah's rebellion
C
Economic bankruptcy
D
Unity among the Muslim rulers
Question 20
The First Battle of Panipat (1526) was fought between

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A
Babar and Rana Sanga
B
Babar and Daulat Khan
C
Babar and Alam Khan
D
Babar and Ibrahim Lodi
Question 21
Original name of Mumtaj Mahal was
A
Arzumand Banu
B
Mihr-un-Nisa
C
Jagat Gosami
D
Man Bai
Question 22
The most important feature of the Mughal building was the
A
The narrow columns
B
Corbel brackets
C
Dome
D
Arch
Question 23
The first Muslim ruler to conquer southern India was
A
Babar
B
Aurangzeb
C
Alauddin Khalji
D
Mohammad Ghuri
Question 24
In India artillery was first used by
A
Akbar
B
Balban
C
Babar
D
Humayun
Question 25
The Famous queen Chand Bibi who fought against Akbar defended the city of
A
Mysore
B
Delhi
C
Kolkata
D
Ahmednagar
Question 26
Of the following which was not built by Shah Jahan?
A
Taj Mahal
B
Fatehpur Sikri
C
Jami Masjid
D
Moti Masjid
Question 27
What was the religion of Malik Kafur before he entered the service of Alauddin?
A
Zoroastrianism
B
Hinduism
C
Buddhism
D
Jainism
Question 28
Who was the Mughal Prince who was well-versed in Arabic, Persian and Sanakrit?
A
Prince Dara Shukoh
B
Prince Akbar
C
Prince Sulaiman Shukoh
D
Prince Salim
Question 29
Market control had been first introduced in Medieval India by
A
Ghiyasuddin Balban
B
Iltutmish
C
Alauddin Khalji
D
Firuz Shah Tughluq
Question 30
The Mughal General, who decisively defeated Shivaji and forced him to conclude the Treaty of Purandar, was
A
Shaista Khan
B
Prince Muazzam
C
Dilir Khan
D
Mirza Raja Jai Singh
Question 31
The purpose of Mahmud Ghaznavi's attack on India was
A
to plunder the wealth of India
B
to rule over the territories of India
C
None of these
D
to spread Islam in India
Question 32
Akbar's concept of Sulh-i-kul (or Qul) means
A
common brotherhood
B
friendship and goodwill to all
C
harmony and peace to all
D
fraternity and friendship
Question 33
Which Indian ruler had requested Napoleon for help in driving the British away from India?
A
Jai Singh
B
Rani of Jhansi
C
Shivaji
D
Tipu Sultan
Question 34
The Mongols under Chengez Khan invaded India during the reign of
A
Firuz Tughluq
B
Balban
C
Iltutmish
D
Muhammad-bin-Tughluq
Question 35
The Mughal empire reached its maximum territorial extent during the reign of
A
Aurangzeb
B
Shah Jahan
C
Bahadur Shah I
D
Akbar
Question 36
The island of Bombay had been given to the British Prince Charles II as dowry by the

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A
Portuguese
B
Dutch
C
Danish
D
French
Question 37
Of the so-called 'Nine Gems of the Court of Akbar' the one who was a reputed poet of Hindi, was
A
Abul Fazl
B
Abdur Rahim Khan-i-Khana
C
Birbal
D
Faizi
Question 38
Who constructed the Purana Qila of New Delhi?
A
Malik Kafur
B
Sher Shah Suri
C
Adil Shah
D
Bin-Kasim
Question 39
The only Hindu at the court of Akbar to accept the Din-illahi was
A
Birbal
B
Bhagwan Das
C
Man Singh
D
Todar Mal
Question 40
Shah Jahan directed the construction of which from 1632 to 1648?
A
Global Vipassana Pagoda
B
Taj Mahal
C
Iron Pillar
D
India Gate
Question 41
Amir Khusrau's name is associated with the invention of the
A
Sitar
B
Shehnai
C
Tabla
D
Sarod
Question 42
The discriminatory Jizya tax was abolished by
A
Akbar
B
Muhammad-bin-Tughluq
C
Sher Shah
D
Babar
Question 43
The independent kingdom of 'Awadh' was founded by

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A
Safdar Jang
B
Shuja-ud-Daulah
C
Saadat Khan
D
Asaf-ud-Daulah
Question 44
During the Mughal rule in India tobacco was first cultivated in
A
Gujarat
B
Delhi
C
Calcutta
D
Madras
Question 45
____ was the first Mughal Emperor to acquire Koh-i-noor diamond
A
Jahangir
B
Shah Jahan
C
Akbar
D
Humayun
Question 46
Who completed the Qutub Minar?
A
Rajiya
B
Qutub-ud-din-Aibak
C
Iltutmish
D
Babar
Question 47
The first Muslim ruler to introduce the system of price control was
A
Jalaluddin Khalji
B
Alauddin Khalji
C
Muhammad-bin-Tughluq
D
Balban
Question 48
Under the Mughala the Governor was popularly known as

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A
Subahdar
B
Vakil
C
Wazir
D
Faujdar
Question 49
Aurangzeb, in his attempt to annex Marwar to the Mughal empire, was involved in a 30-year war. During these long years the most valiant struggle from the aide of Marwar was fought by
A
Ajit Singh
B
Indra Singh
C
Hadas of Bundi
D
Durgadas
Question 50
Which monarch called himself as the second Alexander?
A
Samudra Gupta
B
Akbar
C
Chandra Gupta II
D
Alauddin Khalji
Question 51
The first Indian ruler to organise Haj Pilgrimage at State expense was

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A
Akbar
B
Firuz Shah Tughluq
C
Aurangzeb
D
Alauddin Khalji
Question 52
The voluminous compositions attributed to Guru Gobind Singh (the last Sikh Guru) are collectively known as
A
Apni Katha
B
Baichitra Natak
C
Gyan Prabodh
D
Dasam (Padshah Ka) Granth
Question 53
The original name of Sher Shah was

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A
Sikandar
B
Farid
C
Tahmasp
D
Akbar
Question 54
Who among the following introduced the famous Persian festival of NAUROJ in India?
A
Alauddin Khalji
B
Balban
C
Iltutmish
D
Firuz Tughluq
Question 55
An ambassador of the British King James I, who secured favourable privileges for the East India Company from Emperor Jahangir, was
A
Henry Middleton
B
Josiah Child
C
Hawkins
D
Thomas Roe
Question 56
Akbar'a son and successor Salim, on becoming the emperor, assumed the name of
A
Nuruddin Muhammad Jahangir
B
Jahangir
C
Jahangir Alampanah
D
Jahangir Alamgir
Question 57
Tansen was originally in the service of
A
Raja of Rewa
B
Krishnadeva Raya
C
Sher Shah
D
Akbar
Question 58
The Mughal ruler, Bahadur Shah II had been exiled by the British and sent to
A
Rangoon
B
Andman and Nicobar
C
Mandalay
D
Fatehpur Sikri
Question 59
The first known ruler to introduce canal irrigation in India was

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A
Firuz Tughluq
B
Akbar
C
Krishnadevaraya
D
Tipu Sultan
Question 60
Prem Vatika, poems on the life of Krishna, was composed by
A
Kabir
B
Surdas
C
Raskhan
D
Bihari
Question 61
Which statement about Amir Khusrao is not true?
A
He worked for the Hindu-Muslim unity
B
He was a great poet.
C
He was a great historian.
D
He wrote poetry in Hindi and Urdu.
Question 62
Alauddin Khalji's commander who led the campaign to South India was
A
Malik Kafur
B
Ulugh Khan
C
Alpkhan
D
Nusarat Khan
Question 63
During the last 25 years of his reign, Aurangzeb was mainly involved in long-drawn wars against
A
Golcunda
B
Mangols
C
Bijapur
D
Marathas
Question 64
Akbar had constructed several forts, which did not include the one of
A
Allahabad
B
Delhi Red Fort
C
Lahore
D
Agra
Question 65
Who, among the following is remembered to this day by the Rajputas as a model of chivalry and courage and is he hero of many folk ballads?
A
Vidyadhara
B
Jaichand
C
Parmal
D
Prithviraj
Question 66
Two major crops introduced in India during the Mughal period were

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A
Indigo and Maize
B
Millet and Groundnut
C
Potato and Mustard
D
Tobacco and Maize
Question 67
In which year was the Battle of PIassey fought?
A
1426
B
1757
C
1764
D
1778
Question 68
Akbar founded the Din-i-Ilahi primarily to
A
Put an end to differences between Hindus and Muslims
B
Found a religious institution
C
Establish a national religion which would be acceptable to the Muslims and the Hindus
D
Ensure racial and communal harmony
Question 69
Harihara and Bukka, the founders of the empire of Vijayanagar, named their dynasty as
A
Tuluva
B
Aravidu
C
Sangama
D
Saluva
Question 70
Goa had been first colonized by the

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A
French
B
British
C
Dutch
D
Portuguese
Question 71
The first woman ruler of India was
A
Indira Gandhi
B
Noorjahan
C
Razia Sultan
D
Rani of Jhansi
Question 72
To bring Hindu-Muslim unity, Akbar

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A
encouraged cow-killing
B
taxed cow-killing
C
remained silent to cow-killing
D
prohibited cow-killing
Question 73
Akbar married a bride from

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A
Jaisalmer
B
Udaipur
C
Jaipur
D
Bikaner
Question 74
Tobacco was introduced in India by the
A
Arabs
B
French
C
English
D
Portuguese
Question 75
Who was the famous Deccan Hindu king whose fleet crossed the Bay of Bengal with an army and conquered a number of states in Sumatra, Java and Malaysia?
A
Pulakesin
B
Rajendra Chola
C
Rajaraja I
D
Mahipala II
Question 76
Dhrupad Dhamar style of singing was started by

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A
Amir Khusrau
B
Vishnu Digambar Paluskar
C
Raja Man Singh Tomar
D
Tansen
Question 77
The Jat king of Bharatpur who is known as the 'Plato of the Jat tribe' and the 'Jat Ulysses' was
A
Badan Singh
B
Churaman
C
Gokula
D
Suraj Mal
Question 78
The Mughal government can be described as an/a

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A
Liberal monarchy
B
Autocracy
C
Absolute monarchy
D
Centralised despotism
There are 78 questions to complete.
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