General Knowledge

List of Branches of Science and Definition

branches of science

Branch of Science and their Description:

  • Agrostology: study of grasses
  • Astronomy: study of stars and planets
  • Cosmetology: study of cosmetics
  • Dactylogy: study of fingerprints
  • Dietetics: nutrition and diet science
  • Lithology: study of rocks
  • Orology: study of mountains
  • Pathology: study of etiologies, mechanisms and manifestation of diseases
  • Radiology: science of x-rays diagnosis and treatment
  • Seismology: study of earthquakes phenomena
  • Theology: study of religions

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Branches of Biology (Zoology and Botany):

Biology is science of living organisms, its sub-branches are:

  • Acarology : Study of mites and ticks.
  • Actinobiology : Study of radiation effects on organisms.
  • Aerobiology : Study of flying organisms.
  • Agriology : Study of customs of primitive man.
  • Algology : Study of algae.
  • Anatomy: study of the animal / human body structure by dissection.
  • Anaesthesiology : Science for causing insensibility.
  • Aphidology : Study of aphids.
  • Araneology : Study of spiders.
  • Arthrology : Study of joints.
  • Botany: study of plant kingdom
  • Bryology : Study of mosses and liverworts.
  • Carcinology : Study of crustaceans.
  • Chondriology : Study of cartilage.
  • Chorology : Study of the geographical distribution of organisms.
  • Cnidology : Study of coelenterates.
  • Conchology : Study of shells.
  • Craniology : Study of skulls.
  • Cryobiology : Study of effects on life at low temperature.
  • Ctetology : Study of acquired characters of organisms.
  • Ecobiology : Study of problems of existence of life in the outer space.
  • Endocrinology: study of glands

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  • Epidemiology : Study of infection of parasites or epidemic diseases.
  • Ethnology : Study of mankind.
  • Ethology : Study of behaviour of animals.
  • Etiology : Study of cause of disease.
  • Eugenics : Study of improvement of human race through laws of heredity
  • Euphenics : Study protein synthesis process in cells.
  • Euthenics : Science of improvement of modern generation of man through better nutrition.
  • Exobiology : Study of possible life outside the earth.
  • Genecology : Study of genetical make up of species or populations in relation to their habitats.
  • Geology : Study of earth and life as recorded in rocks.
  • Gerontology : Study of growing old.
  • Helminthology : Study of parasitic worms.
  • Herpetology : Study of reptiles.
  • Hypnology : Study of sleep.
  • Ichnology : Study of fossil foot prints.
  • Karyology : Study of nucleus, particularly chromosomes.
  • Lepidoteriology : Study of moths and butter flies.
  • Leprology : Study of leprosy.
  • Limnology : Study of fresh water ecology and study of snails.
  • Malacology : Study of molluscs.
  • Mammalogy : Study of mammals.
  • Melanology : Study of pigments.
  • Molecular biology : Study of life sciences on molecular level
  • Mycology : Study of fungi.
  • Myology : Study of muscles.
  • Myrmecology : Study of ants and anteaters.
  • Nematology : Study of nematodes.
  • Nephology : Study of clouds.
  • Neontology : Science dealing with the life of recent organisms, just reverse to palaeontology.
  • Nidology : Study of nests of birds.
  • Nosology : Study of classification of diseases.
  • Obstetrics : Science of midwifery.
  • Odonatology : Study of dragon flies and damsel flies.
  • Oneirology : Study of dreams.
  • Ontogeny : Study of life history of organism through development.
  • Oology : Study of eggs of birds.
  • Ophiology : Study of snakes.
  • Organocology : Study of development of organs during embryonic period.
  • Organology : Study of organs.
  • Ornithology : Study of birds.
  • Palaeontology : Study of fossils and their distribution.
  • Parasitology : Study of parasites.
  • Parazoology : Study of sponges.
  • Phenology : Study of periodic phenomena of organisms
  • Phycology : Study of algae.

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  • Phytopathology : Study of plant diseases
  • Protistology : Study of protists
  • Protozoology : Study of unicellular organisms such as protozoans.
  • Pteridology : Study of ferns.
  • Rheumatology: study of small joints in human body
  • Saurology : Study of lizards.
  • Serology : Study of serum, Study of antigen-antibody reactions.
  • Serpentology : Study of snakes.
  • Space biology : Study of existence of life in the outer space.
  • Speciology : Study of species.
  • Splanchnology : Study of visceral organs.
  • Synecology : Study of environmental group of organisms such as communities.
  • Tactology : Study of structural organization of the body of organisms.
  • Teleology : Study of interpretations of structures in terms of purpose and utility.
  • Teratology : Study of monstrals and foetal malformations.
  • Termitology : Study of termites.
  • Torpedology : Study of skates and rays.
  • Toxicology : Study of toxic effects of drugs and harmful compounds.
  • Zoology: study of animal kingdom
  • Zoophytology : Study of drifting organisms such as diatoms.
  • Zootechny : Science of breeding and domesticating animals.
  • Zymology : Study of fermentation process.

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Branches of Chemistry:

Chemistry is study of elements, their behaviour and laws of their combination

Agrochemistry: Deals with application of Chemistry in agriculture, food processing and environmental remediation.

Physical Chemistry: Physical chemistry gives overall theoretical description of organic, inorganic and analytical chemistry.

Organic Chemistry: It deals with compounds containing carbon. It also helps in petrochemical, pharmaceutical, and textile industries.

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Inorganic Chemistry: It deals with non-organic and non carbon containing compounds. Geo-chemistry and bio-organic chemistry are also part of Inorganic chemistry.

Biochemistry: Biochemistry which also known as biological chemistry or physiological chemistry studies chemical composition of living bodies biological molecules like lipids, carbohydrates and proteins etc.

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Branches of Medicine:

  • Angiology : Study of blood vascular system including veins and arteries.
  • Arthrology : Study of joints.
  • Carcinology : Study of malignant tissue, tumor and cancer.
  • Cardiology : Study of heart.
  • Dermatology : Study of body covering the skin.
  • Gynaecology : Study of female reproductive organs.
  • Haematology : Study of blood.
  • Hepatology : Study of liver.
  • Hypnology : Study of sleep.
  • Kalology : Study of human beauty.
  • Malariology : Study of malaria.
  • Mastology : Study of breast including teats.
  • Myology : Study of muscles.
  • Myrmecology : Study of ants and anteaters.
  • Neonatology : Study of newborns upto the age of two months.
  • Nephrology : Study of kidney.
  • Neurology : Study of nervous system including brain.
  • Odontology : Study of teeth and gums.
  • Oncology : Study of tumors.
  • Ophthalmology : Study of eyes.
  • Organocology : Study of development of organs during embryonic period.
  • Organology : Study of organs.
  • Osteology : Study of bones.
  • Otolaryngology : Study of ear and larynx.
  • Otorhinolaryngology : Study of ear, nose and throat (ENT).
  • Paediatrics : Science of medicine dealing with diseases and disorders of children.
  • Phrenology : Study of mental faculties of brain including feeling.
  • Proctology : Study of hindgut including rectum and anus.
  • Psychiatry : Science of medical treatment of mental diseases.
  • Rhinology : Study of nose and olfactory organs.
  • Sarcology : Study of muscles.
  • Serology : Study of serum, Study of antigen-antibody reactions.
  • Sitology : Study of regulation of diet.
  • Sonology : Study of hearing.
  • Stomatology : Study of foregut including buccal cavity and stomach.
  • Syndesmology : Study of bony joints and ligaments.
  • Taxidermatology : Study of skin and stuffing.
  • Toxicology : Study of toxic effects of drugs and harmful compounds.
  • Therapeutics : Science of healing.
  • Traumatology : Study of wounds.
  • Tricology : Study of hairs.
  • Trophology : Study of nutrition.
  • Urology : Study of urine and its diseases.
  • Venereology : Study of venereal diseases.
  • Virology : Study of viruses.

Branches of Physics:

  • Aeronautics: deals with flight through air
  • Acoustics: study of sound and its properties
  • Astronautics: study of travel outside the Earth’s atmosphere
  • Actinology: chemical effects of electromagnetic radiation
  • Aerodynamics: study of the motion and control of solid bodies
  • Austro physics: deals with physical properties of celestial bodies
  • Audiology: science of hearing

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  • Ballistics: study of motion of projectiles
  • Cosmology: study of the nature, origin and history of the universe
  • Crystallography: deals with structure of crystals
  • Dynamics: behaviour of bodies under the action of forces which change their motion
  • Electronics: study of circuit involving thermionic values, semi conductors and other electrical components like resistance, capacitors, inductances
  • Electrostatics: study of the effects associated with electric charge at rest
  • Fluidics: study of fluid flow through pipes in an analogous way to the flow of electric current through circuits
  • Electromagnetism: study of forces between electrically charged particles
  • Holography: Science of recording three dimensional image of an object
  • Mechanics: deals with  behaviour of objects and systems under / in response to various forces.
  • Kinematics: effect of motion without reference to mass or force

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  • Nuclear physics: deals with study of atomic nucleus and nuclear reactions
  • Optics: Study of nature and properties of light
  • Plasma physics: study of highly ionized gases
  • Quantum physics: study of electromagnetic radiation
  • Relativistic Physics: studies light and speed of light
  • Rheology: study of the deformation and flow of matter
  • Solid state physics: study of physical properties of solid material
  • Statistical Mechanics: study of the mechanical properties of large assemblies of particles in terms of statistics
  • Temperature physics: deals with maintenance of temperature

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  • Thermodynamics: study of heat and other forms of energy
  • Tribogy: study of friction and lubrication
Branches of Biology Infographic

Branches of Biology Infographic

branches of Medicine Info-graphic

branches of Medicine Info-graphic

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Vishal Arora

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