List of Branches of Science and Definition

branches of science

Branch of Science and their Description:

  • Agrostology: study of grasses
  • Astronomy: study of stars and planets
  • Cosmetology: study of cosmetics
  • Dactylogy: study of fingerprints
  • Dietetics: nutrition and diet science
  • Lithology: study of rocks
  • Orology: study of mountains
  • Pathology: study of etiologies, mechanisms and manifestation of diseases
  • Radiology: science of x-rays diagnosis and treatment
  • Seismology: study of earthquakes phenomena
  • Theology: study of religions

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Branches of Biology (Zoology and Botany):

Biology is science of living organisms, its sub-branches are:

  • Acarology : Study of mites and ticks.
  • Actinobiology : Study of radiation effects on organisms.
  • Aerobiology : Study of flying organisms.
  • Agriology : Study of customs of primitive man.
  • Algology : Study of algae.
  • Anatomy: study of the animal / human body structure by dissection.
  • Anaesthesiology : Science for causing insensibility.
  • Aphidology : Study of aphids.
  • Araneology : Study of spiders.
  • Arthrology : Study of joints.
  • Botany: study of plant kingdom
  • Bryology : Study of mosses and liverworts.
  • Carcinology : Study of crustaceans.
  • Chondriology : Study of cartilage.
  • Chorology : Study of the geographical distribution of organisms.
  • Cnidology : Study of coelenterates.
  • Conchology : Study of shells.
  • Craniology : Study of skulls.
  • Cryobiology : Study of effects on life at low temperature.
  • Ctetology : Study of acquired characters of organisms.
  • Ecobiology : Study of problems of existence of life in the outer space.
  • Endocrinology: study of glands

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  • Epidemiology : Study of infection of parasites or epidemic diseases.
  • Ethnology : Study of mankind.
  • Ethology : Study of behaviour of animals.
  • Etiology : Study of cause of disease.
  • Eugenics : Study of improvement of human race through laws of heredity
  • Euphenics : Study protein synthesis process in cells.
  • Euthenics : Science of improvement of modern generation of man through better nutrition.
  • Exobiology : Study of possible life outside the earth.
  • Genecology : Study of genetical make up of species or populations in relation to their habitats.
  • Geology : Study of earth and life as recorded in rocks.
  • Gerontology : Study of growing old.
  • Helminthology : Study of parasitic worms.
  • Herpetology : Study of reptiles.
  • Hypnology : Study of sleep.
  • Ichnology : Study of fossil foot prints.
  • Karyology : Study of nucleus, particularly chromosomes.
  • Lepidoteriology : Study of moths and butter flies.
  • Leprology : Study of leprosy.
  • Limnology : Study of fresh water ecology and study of snails.
  • Malacology : Study of molluscs.
  • Mammalogy : Study of mammals.
  • Melanology : Study of pigments.
  • Molecular biology : Study of life sciences on molecular level
  • Mycology : Study of fungi.
  • Myology : Study of muscles.
  • Myrmecology : Study of ants and anteaters.
  • Nematology : Study of nematodes.
  • Nephology : Study of clouds.
  • Neontology : Science dealing with the life of recent organisms, just reverse to palaeontology.
  • Nidology : Study of nests of birds.
  • Nosology : Study of classification of diseases.
  • Obstetrics : Science of midwifery.
  • Odonatology : Study of dragon flies and damsel flies.
  • Oneirology : Study of dreams.
  • Ontogeny : Study of life history of organism through development.
  • Oology : Study of eggs of birds.
  • Ophiology : Study of snakes.
  • Organocology : Study of development of organs during embryonic period.
  • Organology : Study of organs.
  • Ornithology : Study of birds.
  • Palaeontology : Study of fossils and their distribution.
  • Parasitology : Study of parasites.
  • Parazoology : Study of sponges.
  • Phenology : Study of periodic phenomena of organisms
  • Phycology : Study of algae.

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  • Phytopathology : Study of plant diseases
  • Protistology : Study of protists
  • Protozoology : Study of unicellular organisms such as protozoans.
  • Pteridology : Study of ferns.
  • Rheumatology: study of small joints in human body
  • Saurology : Study of lizards.
  • Serology : Study of serum, Study of antigen-antibody reactions.
  • Serpentology : Study of snakes.
  • Space biology : Study of existence of life in the outer space.
  • Speciology : Study of species.
  • Splanchnology : Study of visceral organs.
  • Synecology : Study of environmental group of organisms such as communities.
  • Tactology : Study of structural organization of the body of organisms.
  • Teleology : Study of interpretations of structures in terms of purpose and utility.
  • Teratology : Study of monstrals and foetal malformations.
  • Termitology : Study of termites.
  • Torpedology : Study of skates and rays.
  • Toxicology : Study of toxic effects of drugs and harmful compounds.
  • Zoology: study of animal kingdom
  • Zoophytology : Study of drifting organisms such as diatoms.
  • Zootechny : Science of breeding and domesticating animals.
  • Zymology : Study of fermentation process.

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Branches of Chemistry:

Chemistry is study of elements, their behaviour and laws of their combination

Agrochemistry: Deals with application of Chemistry in agriculture, food processing and environmental remediation.

Physical Chemistry: Physical chemistry gives overall theoretical description of organic, inorganic and analytical chemistry.

Organic Chemistry: It deals with compounds containing carbon. It also helps in petrochemical, pharmaceutical, and textile industries.

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Inorganic Chemistry: It deals with non-organic and non carbon containing compounds. Geo-chemistry and bio-organic chemistry are also part of Inorganic chemistry.

Biochemistry: Biochemistry which also known as biological chemistry or physiological chemistry studies chemical composition of living bodies biological molecules like lipids, carbohydrates and proteins etc.

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Branches of Medicine:

  • Angiology : Study of blood vascular system including veins and arteries.
  • Arthrology : Study of joints.
  • Carcinology : Study of malignant tissue, tumor and cancer.
  • Cardiology : Study of heart.
  • Dermatology : Study of body covering the skin.
  • Gynaecology : Study of female reproductive organs.
  • Haematology : Study of blood.
  • Hepatology : Study of liver.
  • Hypnology : Study of sleep.
  • Kalology : Study of human beauty.
  • Malariology : Study of malaria.
  • Mastology : Study of breast including teats.
  • Myology : Study of muscles.
  • Myrmecology : Study of ants and anteaters.
  • Neonatology : Study of newborns upto the age of two months.
  • Nephrology : Study of kidney.
  • Neurology : Study of nervous system including brain.
  • Odontology : Study of teeth and gums.
  • Oncology : Study of tumors.
  • Ophthalmology : Study of eyes.
  • Organocology : Study of development of organs during embryonic period.
  • Organology : Study of organs.
  • Osteology : Study of bones.
  • Otolaryngology : Study of ear and larynx.
  • Otorhinolaryngology : Study of ear, nose and throat (ENT).
  • Paediatrics : Science of medicine dealing with diseases and disorders of children.
  • Phrenology : Study of mental faculties of brain including feeling.
  • Proctology : Study of hindgut including rectum and anus.
  • Psychiatry : Science of medical treatment of mental diseases.
  • Rhinology : Study of nose and olfactory organs.
  • Sarcology : Study of muscles.
  • Serology : Study of serum, Study of antigen-antibody reactions.
  • Sitology : Study of regulation of diet.
  • Sonology : Study of hearing.
  • Stomatology : Study of foregut including buccal cavity and stomach.
  • Syndesmology : Study of bony joints and ligaments.
  • Taxidermatology : Study of skin and stuffing.
  • Toxicology : Study of toxic effects of drugs and harmful compounds.
  • Therapeutics : Science of healing.
  • Traumatology : Study of wounds.
  • Tricology : Study of hairs.
  • Trophology : Study of nutrition.
  • Urology : Study of urine and its diseases.
  • Venereology : Study of venereal diseases.
  • Virology : Study of viruses.

Branches of Physics:

  • Aeronautics: deals with flight through air
  • Acoustics: study of sound and its properties
  • Astronautics: study of travel outside the Earth’s atmosphere
  • Actinology: chemical effects of electromagnetic radiation
  • Aerodynamics: study of the motion and control of solid bodies
  • Austro physics: deals with physical properties of celestial bodies
  • Audiology: science of hearing

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  • Ballistics: study of motion of projectiles
  • Cosmology: study of the nature, origin and history of the universe
  • Crystallography: deals with structure of crystals
  • Dynamics: behaviour of bodies under the action of forces which change their motion
  • Electronics: study of circuit involving thermionic values, semi conductors and other electrical components like resistance, capacitors, inductances
  • Electrostatics: study of the effects associated with electric charge at rest
  • Fluidics: study of fluid flow through pipes in an analogous way to the flow of electric current through circuits
  • Electromagnetism: study of forces between electrically charged particles
  • Holography: Science of recording three dimensional image of an object
  • Mechanics: deals with  behaviour of objects and systems under / in response to various forces.
  • Kinematics: effect of motion without reference to mass or force

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  • Nuclear physics: deals with study of atomic nucleus and nuclear reactions
  • Optics: Study of nature and properties of light
  • Plasma physics: study of highly ionized gases
  • Quantum physics: study of electromagnetic radiation
  • Relativistic Physics: studies light and speed of light
  • Rheology: study of the deformation and flow of matter
  • Solid state physics: study of physical properties of solid material
  • Statistical Mechanics: study of the mechanical properties of large assemblies of particles in terms of statistics
  • Temperature physics: deals with maintenance of temperature

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  • Thermodynamics: study of heat and other forms of energy
  • Tribogy: study of friction and lubrication
Branches of Biology Infographic

Branches of Biology Infographic

branches of Medicine Info-graphic

branches of Medicine Info-graphic

About the author

Richa Bhardwaj

B. Tech from NIT Kurushetra, Richa has keen interest in Science and loves to teach students about it through lectures and assignments. She always try to use simple language and sentences while writing to make sure learner understands everything properly.

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