Govt. Exams Sample Papers

Logical Reasoning Questions and Answers

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40 Logical Reasoning Questions and Answers for Clerical level Government Recruitment Exams.

Directions for next 2 questions: There are five trains A, B, C, D and E that run between the following stations:

  • Bombay and Pune
  • Calcutta and Bombay
  • Pune and Goa
  • Goa and Bombay
  • Pune and Calcutta
  • Trains A and D do not go to Bombay, B & C do not go to Calcutta and C & D do not touch Goa.

Question: Train E goes from __ to __ and vice-versa
(1) Pune and Calcutta
(2) Bombay to Goa
(3) Bombay to Calcutta
(4) Goa to Pune
Answer: (3)

Question: Which train runs between Calcutta and Pune?
(1) A
(2) B
(3) C
(4) D
Answer: (4)

Directions for next 4 questions: Four people of different nationalities live on the same side of a street in four houses each of different color. Each person has a different favorite drink. The following additional information also known:

  • The Englishman lives in the red house.
  • The Italian drinks tea.
  • The Norwegian lives in the first house on the left.
  • In the second house from the right they drink milk
  • The Norwegian lives adjacent to the blue house
  • The Spaniard drinks fruit juice
  • Tea is drunk in the blue house.
  • The White House is to the right of the red house

Question: Milk is drunk by
(1) Norwegian
(2) Englishman
(3) Italian
(4) None of these
Answer: (b)

Question: The Norwegian drinks
(1) Milk
(2) Cocoa
(3) Tea
(4) Fruit Juice
Answer: (2)

Question: The color of Norwegian’s house is
(1) Yellow
(2) White
(3) Blue
(4) Red
Answer: (1)

Question: Which of the following is not true:
(1) Milk is drunk in the red house
(2) Italian lives in the blue house
(3) The Spaniard lives in a corner house
(4) The Italian lives next to Spaniard.
Answer: (4)

Directions for next 5 questions : In the following questions, the symbols @, ©, $. % and * are used with the following meanings as illustrated below:
P © Q means ‘P is not smaller than Q
P -k B means P is not greater than Q
P © Q means P is neither greater than nor smaller than Q
P $ Q means P is neither smaller than nor equal to Q
P % Q means P is neither greater than nor equal to Q

Now in each of the following questions assuming the given statements to be true, find which of the conclusions I, II, III and IV given below them is/are definitely true and give your answers accordingly.

Question: 

Statements: K © L, L % O, O @ M, M • N
Conclusions :
I. N © O
II. M $ L
III. K * N
IV. L @ N
(1) Only II is true
(2) Only I and II are true
(3) Only I is true
(4) Either I or II is true
(5) None is true
Ans.
(2)

Question: Statements: A • B, B $ C, C % D, D © E
Conclusions:
I. D $ A
II. BS D
III. E % C
IV. A @ E
(1) Only I is true
(2) Only either I or II is true
(3) Only I and rv are true
(4) None is true
(5) Only IV is true
Ans. (4)

Question: Statements: F $ P, P @ R, R © S, S % T
Conclusions:
I. R % F
II. S • P
III. P © T
IV. S % F
(1) Only I, Hand III are true
(2) Only I and II are true
(3) Only III and IV are true
(4) Only I, II and IV are true
(5) All are true
Ans. (4)

Question: Statements: G % H, H • I. I $ J, J @ K
Conclusions:
I. G % I
II. G % J
III. K $ I
IV. H • J
(1) Only I is true
(2) Only II is true
(3) Only I, II and III are true
(4) Only either I or II and III are true
(5) All is true
Ans. (1)

Related: SBI PO Logical Reasoning Sample Paper

Question: Statements: V @ W, W % X, X • Y, Y $ Z
Conclusions: I. Z$ X
II. Y© V
III. W % Y
IV. Y @ W
(1) Only I and III are true
(2) Only II is true
(3) Only III is true
(4) None is true
(5) Only III and IV are true
Ans. (3)

Question: Among A, B, C, D and E each having different amount of money, C has more money than only E. B has more money than D out less than A. Who among them has the highest amount of money?
(1) B
(2) A
(3) D
(4) Data inadequate
(5) None of these
Ans. (2)

Question: In a certain code ‘GIVE’ is writ­ten as ’[email protected]©’ and ‘FAIL’ is writ­ten as ‘%219’. How is LEAF writ-ten in  that code ?
(1) 5©2%
(2) 9©2%
(3) [email protected]%
(4) 9©1%
(5) None of these
Ans. (2)

Question: Which of the following is the middle digit of the second highest number among the five three digit numbers given below ?
512  739  428  843  654
(1) 1
(2) 3
(3) 2
(4) 4
(5) 5
Ans. (2)

Related: Logical Sequence of Words Practice paper

Question: Which of the following is the eighth to the right of the fourteenth from to the right of the fourteenth from the arrangement?
(1) V
(2) 4
(3) %
(4) E
(5) None of these
Ans. (5)

Question: The positions of the first and the sixth digits in the number 5109233674 arid interchanged. Similarly the positions of the sec­ond and the seventh digits are interchanged and so on. Which of the following will be the third digit from the right end after- the rearrangement’?
(1) 9
(2) 0
(3) 6
(4) 3
(5) None of these
Ans. (2)

Question: In a certain code language ‘RISE’ is written as ‘8419’,   and  ‘MEAL’ is written as ‘5927’.   How is ‘RAIL written in that code ?
(1) 8429
(2) 8124
(3) 8247
(4) 8412
(5) 2948
Ans. (3)

Question: In a certain code MAIN is written as ‘9364’ and DEAR is written as ‘8532’. How is MEND written in that code ?
(1) 9548
(2) 9458
(3) 9538
(4) 9528
(5) None of these
Ans. (1)

Question: If ‘P’ denotes ‘-‘: ‘Q’ denotes ‘÷’, ‘R’ denotes ‘x’ and ‘W denotes’+’ then — 48 Q 12 R 10 P 8 W 4 = ?
(1) 56
(2) 40
(3) 52
(4) 44
(5) None of these
Ans. (5)

Related: Medieval Indian History (General Knowledge)

Question 7: It is possible to make only one meaningful word with the first, fourth, seventh and the eighth letters of the word ‘ELECTORAL’, which would be the second let­ter of the word ? If more than one such word can be formed, give X as the answer. If no such word can be formed, give K as your answer.
(1) C
(2) K
(3) X
(4) E
(5) A
Ans. (3)

Question 8: The positions of the first and the sixth digits in the number 5109233674 arid interchanged. Similarly the positions of the second and the seventh digits are interchanged and so on. Which of the following will be the third digit from the right end after- the rearrangement’?
(1) 9
(2) 0
(3) 6
(4) 3
(5) None of these
Ans. (2)

Question: If A means V, B means V, C means ‘–’ and D means ‘+’, then 4 D 16 A 5 B 8 C 5 = ?
(1) 9
(2) 16
(3) 13
(4) 7.5
(5) 12
Ans. (1)

Directions for next 5 questions: Study the following   arrangement   carefully   and answer the questions given below :
L5$9N*SE#Q(5U6%@F© V&8AZ7K4WM3C2

Question: Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on their positions in the above arrange­ment and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group ?
(1) %[email protected]
(2) 74K
(3) 59$
(4) #PQ
(5) 87Z
Ans. (5)

Question: How many such letters are there in the above arrangement, each of which  is  immediately preced-ed by a symbol and also followed by a symbol ?
(1) None
(2) One
(3) Two
(4) Three
(5) More than three
Ans. (4)

Question: How many such numbers are there in the above arrangement, each of which is immediately pre­ceded by a vowel and immediately followed by a number ?
(1) None
(2) One
(3) Two
(4) Three
(5) More than three
Ans. (1)

Question: Which of the following is the fifth to the left of the sixteenth front the left end of the above arrangement?
(1) A
(2) 8
(3) U
(4) P
(5) None of these
Ans. (4)

Question: If all the numbers are dropped from the above arrangement, which of the following will be the seventh from the right end of the above arrangement ?
(1) A
(2) &
(3) V
(4) #
(5) 9
Ans. (2)

Question: Peter walks 5 m towards West, takes a right turn and walks 5m again. He then takes another right turn  and walks 20m. He then takes a final right turn and walks 5m before stopping. How far is he from the starting point ?
(1) 20 m
(2) 5 m
(3) 25 m
(4) 5 m
Ans. (4)

Related: Direction Sense Test Questions and Answers

Question: Prakash walked 30 metres towards West, took a left turn and walked 20 metres. He again took a left tum and walked 30 metres. He then took a right turn and stopped. Towards which direction was he facing when he stopped ?
(1) South
(2) North
(3) East
(4) Data inadequate
Ans. (2)

Question: What should come next in the following number series ?
6 8 8 1 2 6 8 6 1 2 3 6 8 8 1 2 3 4 6 8 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 ?
(1) 6
(2) 1
(3) 4
(4) 8
(5) None of these
Ans. (4)

Question: How many such pairs of letters are there in the word ENGULFED each of which has as many letters between them in the word as in the English alphabet ?
(1) None
(2) One
(3) Two
(4) Three
(5) More than three
Ans. (5)

Related: ISRO Accounts Officer Question Papers

Question: How many meaningful English words can be made with the letters RTOU using each letter only once in each word ?
(1) None
(2) One
(3) Two
(4) Three
(5) More than three
Ans. (3)

Question: How many such pairs of letters are there in the word ‘CONFIRM’ each of which has as many letters between them in the word as in the English alphabet ?
(1) None
(2) One
(3) Two
(4) Three
(5) More than three
Ans. (3)

Directions for next 5 questions: Study the following arrangement carefully and answer the questions given below.
Q 9 K # P @ 3 E N S A C * G © U l M 7 F I V % 4 Z 8 Y

Question: If all the numbers are dropped from the above arrangement, which of the following will be the seventeenth from the right end ?
(1) E
(2) P
(3) I
(4) C
(5) @
Ans. (5)

Question: Which of the following is the sixth to the left of the fifth to the left of V ?
(1) 3
(2) A
(3) N
(4) S
(5) None of these
Ans. (4)

Question: Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on their positions in the above arrangement and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group ?
(1) IM%
(2) CNG
(3) 3#N
(4) UGC
(5) GAU
Ans. (4)

Question: How many such symbols are there in above arrangement, each of which is immediately preceded by an alphabet and immediately followed by a number?
(1) None
(2) One
(3) Two
(4) Three
(5) More than three
Ans. (3)

Question: How many such vowels are there in the above arrangement, each of which is immediately preceded by a number and immediately followed by a consonant ?
(1) None
(2) One
(3) Three
(4) Two
(5) None of these
Ans. (2)

Download all 40 Logical Reasoning Questions with Answers (PDF File)

https://www.examsegg.com/downloads/logical-reasoning-questions-and-answers.pdf

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Vishal Arora